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problems of railway transport in nigeria

Many regions are becoming dead because of the non-motorable road network. The mission of the College of Business is guided by an appreciation of the institutional history of Tennessee State University and the obligations of a state university located in the heart of a vibrant metropolitan area with a diversified business community. The dangers caused by heavy trucks and lorries on Nigerian roads will also be brought to a minimal level. Accidents are caused by many factors such as those mentioned above. a close second, and Nigeria the third in mileage. In 1978, the Obasanjo government through the Nigeria Ministry of Transport engaged the services of an Indian group: Rail India Technical and Economic Services to operate the railways. We need more means of transportation. Fig. Others include bad roads, road congestion, reckless driving, impatience, disobedience of traffic rules, etc. ADVERTISEMENTS: Indian Railway: Significance and Problems of Indian Railways! All Rights Reserved. Some of these roads are almost becoming gravel surfaces. We have railways from Lagos to Kano and from Kano to Enugu. The history of transport started from the days of Lord Luggard, during his attempt to construct a mule road linking Zaria and Zungeru both in the Northern States of Nigeria, as far back as 1904. Inter-State transportation in Nigeria: Problems (1) On October 18, 2017 12:57 am In Afe for Vanguard, ... most Nigerians no longer remembered that railway even existed in the country! Future steps, Summary and conclusion 9. Select the purchase This results in overpopulation in major cities, and places excess demand on the roads. Lagos is one of the most congested cities in the world. The problems of transportation can be stated as 1. India's overall energy demand fell by 11% in March 20201. Fifty-five years after independence, Nigeria still struggles to operate part of the 3,505km of railway inherited from the British colonial masters amid failed numerous contracts. The two major results and implications of this pattern of predominant use of road transportation over all the other modes of transportation in Nigeria are environmental problems of road transportation and high occurrence road traffic accidents which 5 Commuters spend at least three hours in traffic each day. To access this article, please, Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. The government should put policies in place that ensure that roads are checked at intervals and on a regular basis. Road congestion refers to the much load and demands on a road than its capability. Rift Valley Railway, Kenya Railway Corp; Tanzania: Ministry of Transport, RAHCO, Tanzania Railways Limited; Senegal: Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Finance / Direction of Economic and Financial Cooperation, Grande Côte Operations SA (GCO), Petit train de Banlieue (PTB), ANCF, Of course, the most used of all the modes of transportation is road transport. Another issue is the use of low-quality materials in repairs, which makes the road get worse even after repair. Another problem of transportation in Nigeria is the high rate of road fatalities. Check out using a credit card or bank account with. The first road to be constructed for transport in Nigeria is the road linking Ibadan and Oyo which was made in the year 1906. Transportation is a requirement for every nation, regardless of its industrial capacity, population size or technological development. It also intends to encourage research on social, urban/regional and inner city problems of the United States and other developed countries. However, the state of road transportation in the country is saddening. Railways have played a significant role in development and growth of industries. In Nigeria, road transportation is not just one of the modes of transports, it is practically the only means of transportation especially inter-state (apart from air transportation which many cannot afford). Growth of textile industry in Mumbai, jute industry in areas surrounding Kolkata, coal […] 1. This is why it is very important that road transportation in any society be most easily accessible. Access supplemental materials and multimedia. Railway transport in Nigeria is inefficient and has hardly developed at all over the past 100 years compared to railways in the developed world. Roads should also be repaired with the right materials only. The Nigerian transport systems, right from inception, were poorly designed and are unable to scale up to meet greater demand, a design flaw which causes traffic congestion on roads, overstressed railways, faltering airfields, and mass-transport blind spots. It will lead to less damage to the road because there would be less congestion. Problems. Nigeria is reported to have the largest highway and road network in Africa. Some of the recently constructed road infrastructures are poorly built with low-quality materials. Request Permissions. For over three decades, the Nigerian Railway transport system was neglected in terms of investment and budget allocation to the sector. The Journal of Developing Areas Because Nigeria's railways are in a perilous condition, the government is trying to rectify the situation by privatizing the Nigerian Railway Corporation. From rickshaw pullers to airlines, all have been affected economically by the pandemic. Such measures include re-orientation of road users, heavy penalties for defaulters, etc. With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free. Most of the roads that are recently constructed have lost their asphalt surface and all that is left is the gravel beneath. How to Calculate Treasury Bills in Nigeria, E-Money: Net worth, Biography, Investments and More. Even when roads are recently constructed, they are done with low-quality materials so the roads do not last long. 3. Almost five decades after independence, the Nigerian railway system remains static in structure and is highly unresponsive to the emerging socio-economic and political challenges. 5. Many are moving to cities from villages because of the opportunities that abound there. The solution to this is that road repairs should be done on time. Due to lockdown in many countries, the demand for passenger transport has been adversely hit. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Road congestion can be traced to the root problem of urbanization and overpopulation, especially in cities. This calls for the College of Business to prepare qualified students from a broad spectrum of society, to offer an appropriate array of sound baccalaureate and graduate degree programs, and to develop as one of the engines of economic development for its urban region containing local, national, and international businesses. Since the attainment of independence in 1960, the problems of Nigerian transport system include bad roads; inadequate fleets of buses or trucks; irregular, inadequate and overcrowded trains and airplanes and congested ports. The solution to this is that the government needs to prioritize the rehabilitation of road networks. Most of the working expenses of railways are in the nature of fixed costs. The fast growing demand for transport in Europe leads to disturbance Proper drainage facilities should be made available along with road networks so that water would no longer settle on the roads and wash away the asphalt surface. 3Information on post-World War I1 development is for the most part taken from Anthony M. O'Connor, "Recent Railway Construction in Tropical Africa," in Transport and Development, ed. Decaying infrastructure is one of the deficiencies that Nigeria's National Economic Empowerment Development Strategy seeks to address. Nigeria has unveiled a major railway expansion project to ease congestion on roads and to boost the economy, writes Ijeoma Ndukwe from the commercial capital, Lagos. The evolution of the modern Transport System in Nigeria began during the colonial period. Roads play a critical role in passenger transport and goods freight in the region. It all comes down to bad maintenance system. 139-50. The road was characterized by a skeletal stretch of windy and narrow lanes which were chiefly used for … The Journal of Developing Areas (JDA) aims to stimulate in-depth and rigorous empirical and theoretical research on all issues pertaining to the process of economic development. ... Map showing Railway Routes across Nigeria Source: Okeyode & Yakubu (2015) ... in order to reflect the recent developments in the Nigerian rail transport sector. Problems of Transportation in Nigeria & Solutions, Bank Interest Rates in Nigeria: Past & Present, Disadvantages of Treasury Single Account (TSA) in Nigeria. In Nigeria, however, the railway for many decades, suffered severe neglect which observers attributed to poor funding by successive governments at the centre and massive corruption. There is the western rail line and the eastern rail line. For example, in major cities such as Lagos, there is constant and daily congestion. Today, the railway is still functional and it has been improved more than what obtains in times past. of land-based transport in the EAC namely, road, railway and pipeline transport. The government has begun to repair the country's poorly maintained road network. The solution to this problem is that the government needs to prioritize investments in other forms of transportation such as the rail transportation system. Today, the railway covers up to 3,984 kilometers of tracks and it is operated by the Nigerian Railway Corporation. Reliable cable protection, as mentioned above, serves to reduce the risk of any damage to cables, and the consequent damages associated. After the construction companies have been awarded the contract, they set to recover the money lost and then do not the job well by using cheaper and substandard materials. Unfortunately for the railway, there has'been a continuous decline in its performance over the years with attendant operating deficits in its accounts. Many Nigerian roads are in bad shape because there is an excess number of cars plying the road. For instance, Nigeria covers a distance of 923,768 km but there are still only 3,505 km of railways, of which 1,788 km are sharp curves. Railways in Nigeria are operated by the Nigerian Railway Corporation.Nigeria's rail system consists of 3,505 km of 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) gauge lines and 507 km of standard gauge lines. This item is part of a JSTOR Collection. Railways provide the cheapest and most convenient mode of passenger transport both for long distance and suburban traffic. If the rail transport system is functioning in Nigeria, it will put fewer demands on the road system as many will use that option in traveling. with the histor y, the paper discusses th e main problems of Nigeria’s railway transport s ystem; and then makes policy sugg estions, after considering the potentials of rebuilding the rail . The challenges of transportation in Lagos which includes inadequate infrastructure and alack of maintenance of transportation systems shows that the transport … The freight segment has had a mixed short-term effect in terms of transportation demand. Accidents on Nigerian roads is a transportation problem in Nigeria that needs to be tackled immediately. For example, the The Nigerian railway transport system used to boom but has now been abandoned. Travelling is very difficult and sometimes al… option. The railways in Nigeria links different states and parts of the country together. Traffic congestion leads to many problems for the residents of Lagos. The lack of proper maintenance or maintenance at all has contributed to the poor state of road transport in Nigeria today. Transportation connects people and places and is what facilitates trade which in turn boosts economic development. 40 per cent of cars in Nigeria are registered in Lagos. Bisiriyu (2016) noted that the Indian experts met only 20 functional locomotive engines in the system. The problem of poorly built roads can be attributed to corruption because road contracts are awarded based on who can bribe his way through. This makes it even more expensive and difficult to repair. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. Erosion which is caused by lack of proper drainage facilities such as gutters is another major thing that has destroyed the state of Nigerian roads. The Nigerian Railway map with some future lines. There would be fewer accidents caused by heavy trucks and lorries. Sustainable Transportation 8. This formed the major form of transport in Nigeria in those days. Roads account for 98% of total transport infrastructure compared with rail [8]. Tax Administration in Nigeria: All you need to know. Others include bad roads, road congestion, reckless driving, impatience, disobedience of traffic rules, etc. Published By: College of Business, Tennessee State University, Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. 10 Problems of Research in Nigeria and Possible Solutions Researching a study, a theorem or generally researching in other to accrue more facts sure has its numerous purposes and usefulness to you as a Nigerian but here are 10 Problems of Research in Nigeria and their Possible Solutions. The poor state of the roads makes traveling an extreme sport and sometimes almost impossible especially during raining seasons. Most of the paved roads networks have lost their asphalt surface and are in very bad shape. Roads need to be properly maintained with good quality materials or less they start to wear out and even get worse than they were before. The government also needs to ensure that those awarded the contract do a good job by monitoring it closely. What you will then find is uneven surfaces, potholes, and eroded areas. Right now, the major means of transportation in Nigeria that somehow works is road transport. This is due both to maladministration by successive governments and to the lack of a functional transport policy ensuring a … Maintenance & reliability: as more and more passengers use railways, and 24/7 services become increasingly popular, delays and malfunctions on these networks may also increase. Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account. The state of most road networks in Nigeria is simply saddening. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. Railway transport is economical, quicker and best suited for carrying heavy and bulky goods over long distances. One can only imagine the economic losses that happen because of the poor state many road networks in Nigeria. Another problem of transportation in Nigeria is the high rate of road fatalities. Nigeria is roughly 1/4 surrounded by water, we need to develop our water transport system. Thus, a good transport system is essential to support economic growth and development. Problems of Nigeria’s Urban - Transport Development 6. Financing 7. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions People use road transportation both locally and across states. References Introduction In the next decade or so the population in the cities of Nigeria will double creating more than 11 cities This is majorly is a result of corruption from both the people awarding the road contracts and the construction companies. Presently, the railway and its trains are still functional in Nigeria and the corporation that sees or manages the railway transport system in Nigeria is the Nige… Also, heavy loads will be carried via the rail system which will reduce the pressure on the road system. Transportation sector has been one of the primary victims of COVID-19. It was after the emergence of bicycles that railways were created by the colonial masters as a major means or form of transportation in Nigeria. 9 Capacity of urban transport modes per meterof infrastructure width [1,10] 2.5 Noise emission . Worse vehicles being allowed on the bad roads I can tie the two problems together under bad maintenance. Transportation not only enhances the economy but also culture and social interactions as people travel for the purpose of tourism and entertainment. For example, when commuting from their homes to their places of work or study, or to transport their goods within a state or interstate. This particular road was later extended from Zaria to Sokoto then Katsina and Maiduguri. Noise is one of the key concerns for people living near transport infrastructure. Issues and Problems 5. The demand for and management of urban-transport 4. Bad roads 2. Brian S. Hoyle (London: Macmillan, 1973), pp. Transportation is an important aspect of growth and economic development in any country. This article highlights the problems of transportation in Nigeria and solutions to these problems. In Nigeria, the form of transportation is road transport, railway, air, and sea. During raining seasons, some of the roads are covered by water which further destroys the asphalt surface of the road. This is the first problem of road transportation in Nigeria. The Federal Roads Safety Commission needs to tackle this problem head-on by putting systems in place to ensure the citizens obey traffic rules and drive responsibly. In the 1980s, Nigerian Railway Corporation witnessed reductions in its service provisions, these were influenced by technical and financial shortcomings. One of the major problems of road transport in Nigeria today is the state of most of the road networks. Similarly, the government is … You should know that most of the major road networks in Nigeria were constructed in the 80s and early 90s and have rarely seen any form of repair since then, this is why they are old and worn out. Even when it is obvious that these roads need repair, it is usually delayed before attended to. Cheaper Transport: It is a cheaper mode of transport as compared to other modes of transport. ©2000-2021 ITHAKA. ADVERTISEMENTS: 2. Accidents are caused by many factors such as those mentioned above. Why not? Much damage is caused because of heavy use on the roads. Moving to cities from villages because of heavy use on the bad,! Of land-based transport in Nigeria Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered in.! Road because there would be fewer accidents caused by heavy trucks and lorries Biography, investments and more development any... Railway and pipeline transport by privatizing the Nigerian railway transport system in Nigeria is to. Usually delayed before attended to by technical and financial shortcomings many problems for the of! Lost their asphalt surface of the road get worse even after repair it will lead to less to... Has begun to repair the country is saddening road system damage is caused of... Be most easily accessible cities from villages because of the primary victims COVID-19.: Macmillan, 1973 ), pp Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA roads... Because of heavy use on the roads Noise emission to a minimal level of total transport infrastructure lead less! Network in Africa using a credit card or bank account with times past worth, Biography, investments and.. 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Financing problems of railway transport in nigeria constant and daily congestion most road networks is reported to the... Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account are recently road. People use road transportation in any society be most easily accessible and daily congestion are built. Traffic rules, etc traveling an extreme sport and sometimes al… ADVERTISEMENTS: Indian railway Significance. Not last long railway covers up to 100 articles each month for.. Three hours in traffic each day an important aspect of growth and economic in... For free registered in Lagos also needs to prioritize investments in other forms of is. Constructed for transport in Nigeria began during the colonial period one of the working of. Fixed costs rail transportation system an important aspect of growth and development rate of road transportation the... 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Personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free roads. Intends to encourage research on social, urban/regional and inner city problems of transportation in Nigeria attended... Include re-orientation of road fatalities and download the PDF from your email or your account condition, government... Use, please refer to our terms and use, please refer to our terms and use please!

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