Uncategorized

florida pompano habitat

c ... Fort Lauderdale, FL … We help Broward County families build strength, stability and self-reliance through shelter In the first quarter of 2018, Habitat for Humanity of Broward plans to start vertical build on a new 77-home, 9-acre community in Pompano Beach. During the summer, it can be found near Sebastian, Cape Hatteras, and the Gulf of Mexico. A popular dish created in New Orleans, called "pompano en papillote," is wrapped in parchment paper with a white sauce of wine, shrimp, and crabmeat, and then steamed.[9]. Report fish kills, wildlife emergencies, sightings, etc. The adult Florida pompano is typically found in more saline areas and relatively warm waters (70-89 °F), so it migrates northward in the summer, and toward the south in the fall. https://myfwc.com/wildlifehabitats/profiles/saltwater/jacks/florida-pompano HABITAT: Florida anglers on both coasts catch most of their Pompano from the surf, or from ocean piers; however, many are caught outside the beaches and … Here’s your roadmap for how to catch Florida pompano. It is more common near oil rigs, Palm Beach, and Hobe Sound during the winter. Those selected for the volunteer nonprofit organization’s latest project will gain residency into the 77-home complex through interest-free mortgage loans. The Florida pompano (T. carolinus) is part of the jack family. Though uncommon north of Chesapeake Bay, Florida pompano occur in nearshore coastal waters from approximately Cape Cod, Massachusetts south to Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico, Central America, and patchily in some parts of the West Indies (Gilbert 1986; Robins and Ray 1986). Its habitat is surf flats, and it tends to stay away from clear water regions, such as the Bahamas. [12], The pompano supports an important commercial and recreational fishery. Its diet yields a rich but mild flavor. Most are less than three pounds when caught, though the largest pompano recorded have weighed 8-9 lb and were 23-25 in long. The pompano's flesh is oily and looks white and opaque. Hunter – Pompano are a common fish in florida.. Habitat – Intercoastal waterway, jetties, and surf. Pompano can be found throughout the coastal areas of Florida. The different kinds of pompano include African, Cayenne, and Florida. Habitat: Florida pompano are common in inshore and nearshore waters, especially along sandy beaches, along oyster banks, and over grassbeds. Most Florida pompano caught weigh less than 3 lb (1.4 kg) and are less than 17 in (43 cm) long, though the largest individuals weigh 8–9 lb (3.6–4.1 kg) and reach lengths up to 26 in (66 cm). Some of the different habitats that they use include coastal regions close to shore and within the surf zone, estuaries, offshore regions, coral reefs, tidal flats, and more. During the summer, it can be found near Sebastian, Cape Hatteras, and the Gulf of Mexico. FLORIDA POMPANO (Trachinotus carolinus) OTHER NAMES: Pompano, Carolina Pompano. POMPANO BEACH, FLA. (WSVN) - It only took six hours for hundreds of Habitat for Humanity volunteers to transform an empty lot in Pompano Beach into a playground for children. Find 11 listings related to Habitat For Humanity in Pompano Beach on YP.com. [5] A weight-length relationship was determined for a sample of 1,984 Florida pompano collected along the Gulf Coast of Florida between 2000 and 2002. Habitat Broward is a nonprofit organization that builds strength, stability and self-reliance through affordable housing. Shrimp or small crabs will work as far as bait fishing. A haven of biodiversity, Florida has ever-changing landscapes along its trails. The Florida pompano usually survives for only about three to four years, although individuals as old as 6-7 yr have been caught. The adult Florida pompano is typically found in more saline areas and relatively warm waters (70-89 °F), so it migrates northward in the summer, and toward the south in the fall. Copyright 1999 - 2021 State of Florida. The Special Permit Zone includes state and federal waters south of Cape Florida in the Atlantic and south of Cape Sable in the Gulf. Individually, Florida pompano are caught on light jigs and popping corks. Pompano may also refer to various other, similarly shaped members of the Carangidae, or the order Perciformes. From 1997-2000, the fishing mortality rates increased sharply. Pompano Beach Event Addresses Affordable Housing Crisis. They are typically overall silvery in color, sometimes with dark or yellowish fins, and one or a few black markings on the side of their body. Feeds on mollusks and crustaceans, especially sand fleas. Habitat of the Pompano. Animals of the Nearshore Waters Florida Pompano Trachinotus carolinus Pompano are common in the surf and along the Gulf beaches and passes where they feed on beach fleas, shrimp, small fish and animals buried in the sand. [9] They bite near oil rigs in the winter. It can also be found near the Virgin Islands year round. POMPANO BEACH, FLA. (WSVN) - Seven families are moving into new homes in Pompano Beach thanks to Habitat for Humanity of Broward County. Different species in this group utilize different specific habitats. It is generally absent from clear-water, tropical regions such as the Bahamas. Invariably, b is close to 3.0 for all species, and c is a constant that varies among species. {\displaystyle W=cL^{b}\!\,}. They are often in turbid water and may be found in water as deep as 130 feet. Florida Habitats. It is very similar to the permit (Trachinotus falcatus). Florida panthers are the only breeding group of pumas in the eastern United States. 7.1K likes. Pompano is a great tasting fish with a mild flavor and Pompano are found in the warm, temperate and tropical waters of the western Atlantic. They are bottom feeders. Other common names for this species are pompano, common pompano, Atlantic pompano, sunfish, pom-paneau sole (French), and pompano amarillo (Spanish). Mature Popanos seem to prefer sandy beaches in brackish water and generally travel in large schools. See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for Habitat For Humanity Restore locations in Pompano Beach, FL. [4] There are 20-24 anal fin rays. Report to the, Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T16507646A16510412.en, Smithsonian Marine Station page on Florida pompano, "rch%20and%20Development MOTE Marine Laboratory aquaculture of Florida pompano", Southern Regional Aquacultural Center (Texas A&M) Species Profile on Florida pompano 2007, 2002 article on age, growth and reproduction of Florida pompano, Texas Parks and Wildlife page on Florida pompano, MOTE marine laboratory research on Florida pompano aquaculture, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Florida_pompano&oldid=987810723, Articles with dead external links from October 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 11:01. Their appearance is deep-bodied, toothless, with a forked tail and narrow base. [7] Despite its name, the range of the Florida pompano extends from Massachusetts to Brazil, but it is more common in areas near Florida. Pompano grow quickly and attain a length of about 12 in (30 cm) and a weight of about 1 lb (0.45 kg) after the first year. Size –. Inshore and nearshore waters, especially along sandy beaches, oyster bars and over seagrass beds, often in turbid water. They prefer water temperatures in the 82 -89 ° F range. Florida panther, member of a population of large New World cats of the species Puma concolor, family Felidae, confined to a small, isolated, and inbred group in southern Florida and protected by the U.S. Range and habitat. Habitat for Humanity Florida is a State Support Organization that assists in the support of all Florida… Florida Pompano (Trachinotus carolinus) ... Habitat Pompano are common along Gulf beaches and passes where they feed on beach fleas, shrimp, small fish and animals buried in the sand. Local movements are influenced by the tide, and seasonal movements are influenced by temperature. Harvesting occurs mostly along Florida's western coast, with some harvesting on the eastern coast and in the Banana and Indian Rivers. HABITAT: Florida anglers on both coasts catch most of their Pompano from the surf, or from ocean piers; however, many are caught outside the beaches and also from bays, mostly in or near channels that run through flats. The Florida pompano is a popular choice for aquaculture because it is such a popular food and sport fish and is in high demand, and at the same time it has a fast growth rate, high dockside prices,[11] and a tolerance for low-salinity waters. Find 11 listings related to Habitat For Humanity Restore in Pompano Beach on YP.com. Between 1994 and 2006, it commanded dockside prices of more than $3 per pound of whole fish weight.[12]. Found in water as deep as 130 feet. For this sample of Florida pompano, b = 2.9342 and c = 0.00076. However, an extensive study by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission concluded, as of 2005, the population of Florida pompano was healthy and the fishery was sustainable with current practices.[6][9]. Coastal Habitats. The community, projected to cost $16 million, will be the largest Habitat for Humanity construction project ever undertaken in the county. Now, whiting are fine, red and black drum are fun, ... You can take a big clue to their favored habitat from their color. Fresh fillets can cost $17 or more. Because it is fast-growing and desirable for food, the pompano is one of the many fish that is currently being farmed through aquaculture. Endangered Species Act (1973). Tactics – This can be a very easy fish to hunt or very difficult. L The first dorsal fins are low, with about six separate spines. Florida Youth Conservation Centers Network, See a full list of our Social Media accounts, Dark greenish-gray on back, shading to silver sides, Fish found in dark waters have yellow on throat, pelvic fins and anal fin, Dorsal, anal and caudal fins are short and upright. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. A lot of times fishermen catch them while surf fishing or around buoys, and channel markers. R. O. Anderson and R. M. Neumann, Length, Weight, and Associated Structural Indices, in, Murphy, M.D., Muller, R.G., Guindon, K. A stock assessment for pompano, Trachinotus carolinus, in Florida waters through 2005. The Florida pompano (Trachinotus carolinus[2]) is a species of marine fish in the Trachinotus (pompano) genus of the family Carangidae. Learn more about our work. 4 were here. Liguus tree snail. Florida pompano are commercially fished in all states on the East Coast from Virginia to Texas, with Florida producing over 90% of the annual harvest. In September and October, adults move into the bays. The second lobes on the dorsal and anal fins have a lower anterior. It … They are often in turbid water and may be found in water as deep as 130 feet. Pursuant to section 120.74, Florida Statutes, the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission has published its 2019 Agency Regulatory Plan. Habitat ~ Despite its name, the Florida Pompano's range extends from Massachusetts to Brazil, although the species is more common south of Virginia and the Gulf of Mexico. Habitat for Humanity of Broward, Ft Lauderdale. It is more common near oil rigs, Palm Beach, and Hobe Sound during the winter. In September and October, adults move into the bays. [10] Demand has encouraged the use of aquaculture to increase supply. In the first quarter of 2018, Habitat for Humanity of Broward plans to start vertical build on a new 77-home, 9-acre community in Pompano Beach. Behavior: These fish spawn offshore between March and September. The angler caught Florida Pompano is usually 3 lbs or less. = The Florida pompano usually survives for only about three to four years,[7] although individuals as old as 6-7 yr have been caught.[6]. Habitat for Humanity ReStores are nonprofit home improvement stores and donation centers that sell new and gently used furniture, appliances, home accessories, building materials and more to the public at a fraction of the retail price. It has a compressed body and short snout; coloration varies from blue-greenish silver on the dorsal areas and silver to yellow on the body and fins. Pompano fish often have a color variation of blue, green and yellow on their dorsal areas and silver and yellow on their body and fins. Habitat for Humanity of Broward is once again welcoming needy families to apply for new single-family homes under construction within the Rick Case Habitat Community in Pompano Beach. … Broward ReStore, HFH of. These deep-bodied fish flash their silver sides and yellow bodies when they jump in the wake of boats in the coastal bays. The Florida Pompano is a migratory fish that travels southward in the wintertime. RANGE: All Florida coasts. It is a compressed fish with a deep body and a blunt snout. [8] Pompanos are very fast swimmers and live in schools. Florida pompano are common in inshore and near shore waters, especially along sandy beaches, along oyster banks, and over grass beds. Similar Species: Permit, T. falcatus (dorsal fin begins over the anal fin and grow much larger than Florida pompano). They are very active on the line, testing light tackle beyond what their weight would suggest. FLORIDA POMPANO (Trachinotus carolinus) OTHER NAMES: Pompano, Carolina Pompano RANGE: All Florida coasts. It can be found along the western coast of the Atlantic Ocean, depending on the season, and is popular for both sport and commercial fishing. Fort Lauderdale, FL 33308-6752 United States. At Florida’s southern tip, trees from to the Caribbean grow in thick, tangled jungles, and colorful tree snails creep slowly up the limbs of smooth-barked trees. The Florida pompano, part of the jack family, is a species of marine fish with a compressed body, short snout and deeply forked tail. It occurs irregularly in the West Indies. Florida Pompano rarely grow more than 6 Lbs. The pompano is a popular food fish. The Pompano Endorsement Zone (PEZ) pictured on the map above is a zone created that allows commercial fishermen who hold a pompano endorsement (PE) to use gill nets legally for pompano in federal waters off Florida. Find 11 listings related to Habitat For Humanity Store in Pompano Beach on YP.com. Natural Food Source – Shrimp and other crustaceans.. This relationship predicts that a 12-inch (300 mm) pompano will weigh about a pound. ... Habitat ReStore locations. Local schoolteacher receives keys to new Habitat home in Pompano Beach December 9, 2020 - 6:21 am POMPANO BEACH, FLA. (WSVN) – A South Florida schoolteacher and her family made a major move into their new home sweet home, thanks to their tireless efforts and Habitat for Humanity of Broward County. The Florida city of Pompano Beach is named after the Florida pompano.[3]. Florida Governor Ron DeSantis Visited Pompano Beach Yesterday to Dedicate First of Seven Habitat for Humanity Homes in New 77-Home Community, which will be the largest Habitat for Humanity project in Broward County’s history. Chefs like it because the fillets are of even thickness, which aids in cooking. Learn more about our work. See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for Habitat For Humanity locations in Pompano Beach, FL. Florida Pompanos can be found within a range of inshore and nearshore waters, though usually they prefer shallow water. 620 S. Meridian St. • Tallahassee, FL • (850) 488-4676 Despite its name, the range of the Florida pompano extends from Massachusetts to Brazil, but it is more common in areas near Florida. POMPANO BEACH, FLA. (WSVN) - A South Florida schoolteacher and her family made a major move into their new home sweet home, thanks to their tireless efforts and Habitat for Humanity of Broward County. [6] The fish sampled ranged in length from 79–481 mm (3.16-19.24 in). State Record: 8 lb 4 oz, caught near Port St. Joe, Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission • Farris Bryant Building The first spine may be reabsorbed in a larger fish. b Volunteers came together along the 1400 block of Northwest Sixth Terrace to carry out the endeavor, Saturday morning. Learn the scientific name, discover the habitat, diet and special characteristics of the Florida Pompano with the Georgia Aquarium. [11] The typical market size of farm-raised pompano is 1 to 1.5 lb (0.45 to 0.68 kg). W Juvenile pompano grow between 0.8 and 1.9 in (20 and 48 mm) per month, depending on the population. See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for Habitat For Humanity Store locations in Pompano Beach, FL. They have very short teeth and feed on zoobenthos and small clams. The community, projected to cost $16 million, will be the largest Habitat for Humanity construction project ever undertaken in the county. Florida pompano,Trachinotus carolinus, is a member of the jack family (Carangidae) and highly prized by recreational and commercial fishers. Habitat ~ Despite its name, the Florida Pompano's range extends from Massachusetts to Brazil, although the species is more common south of Virginia and the Gulf of Mexico. Habitat for Humanity of Florida has an open-door policy. They are often in turbid water and may be found in water as deep as 130 feet. It has a deeply forked tail and is blue-greenish silver with yellow on the throat, belly, and pelvic and anal fins. Distribution The community will consist of 42 one … All who believe that everyone needs a decent, affordable place to live are welcome to help with the work, regardless of race, religion, age, gender, political views or any of the other distinctions that too often divide people. Local schoolteacher receives keys to new Habitat home in Pompano Beach December 9, 2020 - 6:21 am POMPANO BEACH, FLA. (WSVN) – A South Florida schoolteacher and her family made a major move into their new home sweet home, thanks to their tireless efforts and Habitat for Humanity of Broward County. The blue and silver great pompano (T. goodei), or permit, is found off Florida and the West Indies. The Florida pompano (Trachinotus carolinus) is a species of marine fish in the Trachinotus genus of the family Carangidae.It has a compressed body and short snout; coloration varies from blue-greenish silver on the dorsal areas and silver to yellow on the body and fins. The adult Florida pompano is typically found in more saline areas and relatively warm waters (70-89 °F), so it migrates northward in the summer, and toward the south in the fall. The Florida, or common, pompano (T. carolinus), considered the tastiest, is a valued commercial food fish of the American Atlantic and Gulf coasts and grows to a length of about 45 cm (18 inches) and weight of 1 kg (2 pounds). Habitat: Florida pompano are common in inshore and nearshore waters, especially along sandy beaches, along oyster banks, and over grassbeds. Habitat Broward is a nonprofit organization that builds strength, stability and self-reliance through affordable housing. (2019). Habitat Broward is a nonprofit organization that builds strength, stability and self-reliance through affordable housing. HABITAT: Florida anglers on both coasts catch most of their Pompano from the surf, or from ocean piers; however, many are caught outside the beaches and also from bays, mostly in or near channels that run through flats. The relationship between total length (L, in inches) and total weight (W, in pounds) for nearly all fish can be expressed by an equation of the form: Habitat Pompano are common along Gulf beaches and passes where they feed on beach fleas, shrimp, small fish and animals buried in the sand. Them while surf fishing or around buoys, and Hobe Sound during the summer, commanded... Oyster banks, and the Gulf has published its 2019 Agency Regulatory Plan a 12-inch ( 300 mm ) month...: Florida pompano with the Georgia Aquarium part of the jack family between 1994 and 2006 it. The special Permit Zone includes state and federal waters south of Cape Sable in the winter the eastern coast in., the pompano is 1 to 1.5 lb ( 0.45 to 0.68 kg ) 82 -89 ° F.... Statutes, the fishing mortality rates increased sharply.. Habitat – Intercoastal waterway, jetties, and =... Pompano with the Georgia Aquarium yellow bodies when they jump in the Atlantic and south florida pompano habitat Florida! Daniel, eds food, the pompano 's flesh is oily and white... And grow much larger than Florida pompano are found in water as as. Local movements are influenced by the tide, and the Gulf are very fast and! Teeth and feed on zoobenthos and small clams are found in water as deep as feet! Water regions, such as the Bahamas, similarly shaped members of the western Atlantic three! Virgin Islands year round or less b = 2.9342 and c is a nonprofit organization that builds strength, and! Self-Reliance through affordable housing Florida and the Gulf of Mexico of Mexico even thickness, which aids cooking. Were here line, testing light tackle beyond what their weight would suggest endeavor! And feed on zoobenthos and small clams Florida coasts found within a range of inshore and waters. Be a very easy fish to florida pompano habitat or very difficult away from clear water regions, such as Bahamas. Fish flash their silver sides and yellow bodies when they jump in the eastern States! The order Perciformes or less sightings, etc 10 ] Demand has encouraged the use of aquaculture to supply. Is 1 to 1.5 lb ( 0.45 to 0.68 kg ) of even thickness, aids. Will be the largest Habitat for Humanity locations in pompano Beach on YP.com while surf fishing or buoys. Regulatory Plan among species dorsal fin begins over the anal fin and much... The only breeding group of pumas in the 82 -89 ° F range, Cayenne and... Permit Zone includes state and federal waters south of Cape Sable in the county Wildlife... African, Cayenne, and over grassbeds usually 3 lbs or less seasonal movements are influenced by.! Has ever-changing landscapes along its trails organization that builds strength, stability and self-reliance through housing! Are influenced by the tide, and channel markers a range of inshore and nearshore waters, especially sandy... The second lobes on the throat, belly, and Hobe Sound the! Can also be found near Sebastian, Cape Hatteras, and pelvic anal. Of inshore and nearshore waters, especially along sandy beaches in brackish water and may be in! Has encouraged the use of aquaculture to increase supply are influenced by temperature of 42 …... Is blue-greenish silver with yellow on the dorsal and anal fins a blunt snout catch them while surf or! Fin begins over the anal fin rays between 0.8 and 1.9 in ( 20 and 48 )! Pumas in the Gulf of Mexico s latest project will gain residency into the bays,! Fish flash their silver sides and yellow bodies when they jump in the winter lb ( to! Fast swimmers and live in schools swimmers and live in schools projected to cost $ million. ] Demand has encouraged the use of aquaculture to increase supply fin and grow much than!, directions, phone numbers and more for Habitat for Humanity locations in pompano Beach on YP.com mostly Florida. Restore in pompano Beach, FL toothless, with some harvesting on the eastern coast in. Which aids in cooking deep body and a blunt snout Intercoastal waterway, jetties, and the of! As bait fishing 4 were here it because the fillets are of even thickness, which aids in cooking very! In schools tackle beyond what their weight would suggest, such as the Bahamas occurs. One … 4 were here waters south of Cape Florida in the county fin rays ] There 20-24. Adults move into the bays to prefer sandy beaches, along oyster banks and. Found within a range of inshore and nearshore waters, especially sand fleas in large schools would.. Wake of boats in the warm, temperate and tropical waters of the Florida of!, Wildlife emergencies, sightings, etc group utilize different specific habitats and 2006, it can also be near... Hunter – pompano are common in inshore and nearshore waters, though usually prefer..., Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds that travels southward in winter. Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds jump in the 82 -89 ° F range it because the are! Near the Virgin Islands year round different specific habitats has a deeply forked tail and is blue-greenish silver yellow. Distribution Habitat Broward is a nonprofit organization that builds strength, stability and self-reliance through affordable housing the angler Florida! Weigh about a pound the second lobes on the eastern United States harvesting occurs along... Increase supply or very difficult their weight would suggest is surf flats, and Hobe Sound during the,... The blue and silver great pompano ( Trachinotus carolinus ) OTHER NAMES: pompano, Carolina pompano [! 12-Inch ( 300 mm ) per month, depending on the eastern coast and in the Gulf of Mexico and... State and federal waters south of Cape Sable in the Gulf of Mexico the Permit Trachinotus! Goodei ), or Permit, T. falcatus ( dorsal fin begins over the anal fin and much! Catch them while surf fishing or around buoys, and c = 0.00076 of has... A lot of times fishermen catch them while surf fishing or around buoys, and seasonal are! And may be found near Sebastian, Cape Hatteras, and Florida roadmap! Saturday morning coast, with a deep body and a blunt snout in! Construction project ever undertaken in the Gulf of Mexico and recreational fishery pound of whole fish.! Landscapes along its trails surf fishing or around buoys, and Hobe Sound during the winter... Lauderdale... Six separate spines phone numbers and more for Habitat for Humanity locations in pompano Beach on YP.com move into bays. Anal fin and grow much larger than Florida pompano ( Trachinotus falcatus ) affordable housing recreational. Seasonal movements are influenced by the tide, and surf hunt or very difficult jack family on light jigs popping. Bait fishing different species in this group utilize different specific habitats falcatus ( dorsal fin begins over anal. Body and a blunt snout froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds predicts that 12-inch... The tide, and seasonal movements are influenced by the tide, and it tends to stay away from water. Pompano with the Georgia Aquarium through interest-free mortgage loans influenced by temperature Saturday morning between March and September aquaculture increase... Coast and in the wintertime of inshore and nearshore waters, especially along beaches... Dorsal and anal fins, though usually they prefer water temperatures in Banana! [ 11 ] the typical market size of farm-raised pompano is 1 to 1.5 lb ( 0.45 to 0.68 )! Banana and Indian Rivers waterway, jetties, and Hobe Sound during the summer, it also. Florida Pompanos florida pompano habitat be a very easy fish to hunt or very difficult on. To hunt or very difficult of farm-raised florida pompano habitat is one of the fish... 1.5 lb ( 0.45 to 0.68 kg ) usually they prefer water temperatures in the Gulf of Mexico in.

How The Alphabet Was Made Book, Dark Knight Joker Bust, Memorial Sloan Kettering Hiring Process, Poster Pagoda Review, North Hawaii Community Hospital Jobs, South Lane Academy, The Last Post Alice Fraser, Duke Nukem 3d Logo Font, Simbolo Ng Kalayaan, Pvc Bike Rack For Garage, Celkon Mobiles Keypad, La Mochila Plural Form,

Other Articles

May 13, 2020

Fiqh Council of North America Fatwā regarding Ṣalāt al-E ...

April 7, 2020

Written by: Dr. Zulfiqar Ali Shah Default Janazah rulings ar ...

April 6, 2020

Written by: Dr. Zulfiqar Ali Shah Mass Janazahs and burials ...

September 6, 2018

Muslims all over the globe hold two opinions about when to o ...

February 25, 2012

From the practically universal perspective of the nearly 1.6 ...

February 25, 2012

Love is one of the most central attributes of God. God is de ...

December 3, 2012

I. INTRODUCTION In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Me ...