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warlords in history

Ta-Nehisi Coates. As an unusual bit of history, Adolf Hitler sent his body back to Istanbul in 1943, hoping to persuade Turkey to join the Axis powers in World War II. The empire and the states that emerged from it were born and shaped in part from the heavy influence of roving bandits. In both cases there is an inherent inefficiency in the model, as "resources are wasted on unproductive arming and fighting. Other areas include the eastern part of Ukraine, Lebanon, South Sudan, Mexico and Colombia. Particular attention is paid to the skill of the warrior caste, and the impact of the warrior culture on their society as a whole. Warlords and Muslims in Chinese Central Asia: A Political History of Republican Sinkiang 1911–1949 [Forbes, Andrew D. W.] on Amazon.com. Although Chiang Kai-shek ascended with legitimacy into his role of leadership of the KMT by succeeding Sun Yat-sen and was recognized by foreign nations, Chiang was accused by some of being a warlord because of his rise by military campaign. It was not widely used until the 1920s, when it was used to describe the aftermath of the 1911 Revolution, when provincial military leaders launched the period that would come to be known in China as the Warlord Era. Free company mercenary captains, such as Sir John Hawkwood, Roger de Flor of Catalan Company or Hugh Calveley, could be considered warlords. During the state–warlord bargaining phase, warlords in Afghanistan have a high motivation to prolong war to create political instability, expose weakness of the central state, prompt regional criticism against the government and continue economic extraction. The coup took place while Obote was out of the country. This has led to the formation of at least 93 "Partisan Armed Groups", armed militias loyal to regional warlords who, in exchange for their loyalty and willingness to use their private armies to quell the threats from these opposition groups, are granted a degree of autonomy within designated regions, the exclusive right to use violence and the right "to profit from the 'economy of violence' that they establish in their own areas". The line, which was negotiated between British diplomat and civil servant Mortimer Durand and Afghan Emir Abdur Khan, was a political boundary drawn in 1893 which clearly defined and demarcated the border between Afghanistan and the British Raj. These warlords, such as Genghis Khan and his immediate successors, conquered nearly all of Asia and European Russia and sent armies as far as Central Europe and Southeast Asia. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. In exchange for becoming 'legal pirates', the Warlords would be required to attend meetings, as well as assist the marines when summoned. Noted theorist Max Weber suggested that classic feudalism in pre-modern-state Europe was an example of warlordism, as the state regime was unable to "exercise a monopoly on the use of force within its territory"[8] and the monarch relied on the commitment of loyal knights and other nobility to mobilize their private armies in support of the crown for specific military campaigns. "The genesis of Russian warlordism: Violence and governance during the First World War and the Civil War.". Attila (Attila the Hun), was the ruler of the Huns from 434 to 453. Waldron, Arthur. After seizing power from President Samuel Doe in a rebellion, Taylor won elections in 1997. The ensuing two years were marked by local warlords rebelling in order to seize power within their local governments and challenging the Dương court. The other is one in which the warlord is operating independently of the state and is viewed as a rebel, insurgent or strategic political competitor of the regime. Skaperdas, Stergios. [35] Beginning in 2008, as it became increasingly evident that the central government in Kabul was incapable of extending its power and control to much of the country, the US military and diplomatic corps began exploring the option of engaging ethnic tribal warlords in negotiations, a strategy that continued through the Obama administration.[36][37][38]. noun. 10 Most Famous Psychopaths In History. Amin worked his way up through the ranks, and in 1971 he committed a coup, deposing Milton Obote. Currently there are two countries, in which warlords play an important role – these are Afghanistan and Somalia. a military leader of a nation or part of a nation, esp one who is accountable to nobody when the central government is weakthe Chinese warlords. and sent armies as far as Central Europe and Southeast Asia. His close friends included the late Col. Muammar Gaddafi of Libya; the conservative former ruler of Ivory Coast, Félix Houphouët-Boigny; the President of Burkina Faso, Blaise Compaoré; and a plethora of businessmen—local and foreign—who were bent on making money in Liberia and disregarded UN disapproval. This resulted in conflicts and war among the regional warlords, who all sought to expand their territory and enhance their power. [citation needed] Roving bandits, contrary to the concept of stationary bandits offered by Mancur Olson, extract from region to region and stay mobile. Stationary bandits can amass power because of their economic connections with foreign firms. These armed forces, usually considered militias, are loyal to the warlord rather than to the general government. They often enforce their right to these resources by claiming to be protecting the people. He served under several warlords, including Dong Zhuo, Zhang Yang, Wang Yun, Yuan Shu, and Yuan Shao early in his career, and the best thing that can be said is that he didn’t murder all of them. [26] Pashtuns are the prominent ethnic group in eastern Afghanistan and western Pakistan, and the Durand Line served to split their traditional homeland between two nation states. As political scientist Dr. Ariel Hernandez documented, one example is the Philippines, where successive presidential administrations—at least since Ferdinand Marcos secured power in 1965—have "franchised violence to regional warlords" to counter the inroads of communist insurgents, Islamic rebels and organized criminal gangs. In some African states, warlord politics can be a product of endowment-rich, extractable resources. Afghanistan was briefly a democratic state until a 1973 coup, which resulted in the April Revolution of 1978. Franz H. Michael, “Military Organization and Power Structure of China during the Taiping Rebellion.”, "Tilly - Warmaking and statemaking as organized crime.pdf", "Dictatorship, Democracy, and Development", "The Role of the Pashtuns in Understanding the Afghan Crisis", "The Durand Line: Afghanistan's Controversial, Colonial-Era Border", "United States Agency for International Development – U.S. FOREIGN ASSISTANCE FOR AFGHANISTAN POST PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT PLAN", "U.S. History of Warlords – Vietnam This week we premiere a brand new series featuring our upcoming strategy-simulation game, Stronghold: Warlords. [7][12][13][14][15][16] Warlord states are disproportionately concentrated within two regions—the former European colonies of Africa and the former Soviet republics of Eurasia. Featuring African warlords, Chinese warlords, Japanese warlords, Liberian warlords, African warlords, and other warlords of ancient history, this list has it all. Warlords have existed throughout much of history, albeit in a variety of different capacities within the political, economic, and social structure of states or ungoverned territories. With the collapse in 1911 of China's last imperial dynasty, the Qing, the modern era of warlordism in China began. July 18, 2011 Link Copied. ", Marten, Kimberly. [27][28][29] There are four dominant ethnic tribes in Afghanistan (Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras, and Uzbeks), as well as a number of proportionally smaller tribes. The people on this list are from different countries, but what they all have in common is that they're all renowned warlords. He crossed the Danube twice and plundered the Balkans, but was unable to tak… As the Qing dynasty disintegrated, it was replaced by the Republic of China, led by Yuan Shikai until his death in 1916. [21] Driscoll termed this warlordism "militia coalition politics". While most warlords have power vested in them through traditional tribal customs, some hold formal regional government positions, but in both cases cooperation with the central government remains voluntary and reliant on incentives. His critics say that he bullied and bought his way to power, and once he obtained it he established himself as one of the most brutal and murderous warlords in Africa. Please mention other groups who might be considered for a future list in the comments. "[5] However, the functionality is often sustainable because it presents citizens with no choice but to accept rent levies in exchange for protection. Modern-day Afghanistan is a multiethnic, multilingual country inhabited by distinct and often competing tribal societies, its national borders defined only following the Treaty of Rawalpindi of 1919 between the United Kingdom and the Emirate of Afghanistan. Ragnar’s history is well documented in the old the old writings, where he is father to many sons, including Bjorn Ironside, Ivar the Boneless, Halfdan Ragnarsson, Sigurd Snake-in-the-eye and Ubba Ragnarsson. The first appearance of the word "warlord" dates to 1856, when used by American philosopher and poet Ralph Waldo Emerson in a highly critical essay on the aristocracy in England, "Piracy and war gave place to trade, politics and letters; the war-lord to the law-lord; the privilege was kept, whilst the means of obtaining it were changed."[1]. The term "warlord" was frequently used when Russian and Chechen conflicts were reignited in the 1990s. The reason this period received the title of "Twelve Warlords War", or Anarchy of the 12 Warlords, is because of the struggle for power after the illegitimate succession to the throne by Dương Tam Kha after the death of Ngô Quyền. Many warlords paid their soldiers well or allowed them to retain a share of whatever they looted or extorted from ordinary Chinese. There’s a good reason the sight of a Viking longship struck fear in the hearts of coastal villagers: the Vikings were bad news for everyone. Here's What World Leaders Really Think Of Donald Trump. Sid Meier's Civilization IV: Warlords is the first expansion pack for the award-winning game that has become an instant world-wide hit. [18], In exchange for peaceful coexistence, the warlord coalitions are granted special status and privileges, including the right to maintain de facto political rule within the agreed-upon territory, exert force to retain their monopoly over violence and extract rent and resources. While most of these warrior groups come from ancient history - one or two come close to modern history. List of famous warlords, with photos, bios, and other information when available. Liberia's former president Charles Taylor was indicted as a diamond-embezzling warlord who aided and abetted African rebels who committed heinous atrocities against millions of African people. American historian David G. Herrmann noted, "Warlordism is the default condition of humanity."[4]. The Warlord system was seen as a great way for the government to recruit powerful pirates to their side, so that they could be used to help the marines in their times of need. Most of these warrior groups come from ancient history – one or two come close to modern history. Such free companies would arise in a situation when the recognized central power had collapsed, such as in the Great Interregnum in Germany (1254–78), in France during the Hundred Years' War after the Battle of Poitiers, or in the Kingdom of Scotland during the Wars of Scottish Independence. Taylor was detained by the UN-backed Special Court for Sierra Leone in 2006 after a period of enforced exile in Nigeria. He joined the British colonial regiment, the King’s African rifles in 1946. This list of notable warlords is ordered by their level of prominence, and can be sorted for various bits of information, such as where these historic warlords were born and what their nationality is. This includes the most prominent warlords, living and dead, both in America and abroad. Other countries and territories with warlords include, Iraq, Myanmar (Wa State), Russia (Chechnya), the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Libya, Sudan, Somalia, the Philippines, Pakistan (Pashtun Tribal Areas), Syria and Tajikistan (Gorno-Badakhshan). "The warlord as arbitrageur. Tribal leaders often act as local warlords, representing either a tribal confederacy, a tribal kinship group or a smaller tribal lineage grouping, and are expected to provide security, justice and social services to their respective "constituencies". They all, undoubtedly, belong on this list. In this episode of ‘ History Behind Stronghold ‘ Aaron takes a deep dive into one of the most revolutionary, progressive and bloody episodes in history, the now famous period of ‘The Warring States of China’. [citation needed]. The Imperial commanders-in-chief during the reign of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I did hold the title Kriegsherr, of which the direct translation was "warlord", but they were not warlords in the sense of the word today. As Driscoll observed, the "warlords colluded to create a state". After the fall of the Mongol Empire, Mongolia was divided between the Eastern and Western Mongols. [2][3] In China, Junfa is applied retroactively to describe the leaders of regional armies who threatened or used violence to expand their rule, including those who rose to lead and unify kingdoms. Exploring Motivations. Western pop culture has fixated on aspects of European and American history to create genres like westerns and the middle ages, tales that take place in the dust of America’s old west or the rule of kings and queens in Europe’s middle-ages. Warlords in Mongolia could be characterized by this title because of the Mongol Empire's lack of definitive borders and consistent expansion and conquest during the 13th and 14th centuries. 10. Within political science there is a growing body of research and analysis on warlordism that has emerged within weak states that have gained independence as a result of the collapse of empire. In the psychopathic doctor category, Josef Mengele takes top honors.This Nazi concentration camp physician, known as “The Angel of Death”, not only personally sent hundreds of thousands to their deaths, he engaged in some of the most atrocious medical experiments in history. A warlord is a leader able to exercise military, economic, and political control over a subnational territory within a sovereign state because of their ability to mobilize loyal armed forces. "Illicit markets, violence, warlords, and governance: West African cases. The partitioning of their tribal lands is viewed by Pashtun leaders as a threat to their dominance within Afghanistan, emboldening rival ethnic tribes, and has provoked cross-border tensions between Afghanistan and Pakistan. in, Reno, William. Chinese warlords have appeared all throuhout China’s history, springing up in times of turmoil to gain power, and sometimes establishing their own dynasty. (Page of tag warlords) #7 of 14 Bizarre Obsessions of Dangerous Dictators#97 of 432 Famous Tall Men Over 6'2, #1708 of 2,443 The Most Influential People of All Time#7 of 16 Here's What World Leaders Really Think Of Donald Trump, #1327 of 1,355 The Greatest Minds of All Time#574 of 753 People We Wish Were Still Alive, #282 of 347 The Most Important Leaders In World History#197 of 410 The Most Important Military Leaders in World History. We argue that behind the resistance to state-building lies a twofold question of legitimate authority: the authority of states to consolidate power within their own internationally recognized borders and the authority of warlords to resist that expansion, by force if necessary, when it threatens social order and the protection of basic rights. There are two major functional distinctions when considering warlords and their relationship with a state. In this list we see a combination of two of my favorite things - ancient (well mostly) history and warriors. Among the prominent leaders called warlords were Yan Xishan in Shanxi province, Feng Yuxiang, and Wu Peifu, who had reputations as reformers; Zhang Zuolin, who ruled in Manchuria until the Japanese invasion of 1931; and a number of local warlords with infamous reputations, such as Zhang Zongchang. Warlord, Chinese (Pinyin) junfa or (Wade-Giles romanization) chün-fa, independent military commander in China in the early and mid-20th century. [9] In May 2012 he was sentenced to 50 years in prison. He hopped from boss to boss, betraying them to other warlords whenever he got bored or got a better offer. Many territories were not under the control of either the Red government in Petrograd (later in Moscow) or the White governments in Omsk and Rostov. Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged … Ragnar was a legendary Viking ruler who is the subject of many a story in the old Norse sagas and stories. List features people like Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Chiang Kai-shek and more! The trade-off becomes protection for extraction, and this political framework is common in periphery regions of countries which do not have a strong central government. The Warlords of History. Bizarre Obsessions of Dangerous Dictators. While warlords are commonly viewed as regional leaders who threaten the sovereignty of a state, there are a number of states where the central government functions in collusion with warlords to achieve its goal of exercising its sovereignty over regions that would otherwise fall outside its control. Kony is just one in a long line of despotic warlords that have terrorized the continent. Although warlords were present historically in either pre-modern states or "weak state" societies, and in countries designated "fragile states" or "failed states" in modern times, there is a tremendous degree of variance in the political, economic, and societal organization, structure, and institutions of states where warlordism exists. [citation needed], The other major consideration in categorizing warlords is through the lens of history. Warlords and Muslims in Chinese Central Asia: A Political History of Republican Sinkiang 1911–1949 While their political power to exercise social order, welfare and regional defense within their territory was derived from hereditary rights or edicts from the monarch, their military strength afforded them independence and strength to negotiate for privileges. During his term of office Taylor was accused of war crimes and crimes against humanity as a result of his involvement in the Sierra Leone Civil War (1991–2002). [25][26], Historically, power in Afghanistan has been decentralized and governance delegated locally to ethnic tribal leadership. Notable warlords include Attila, Khalid ibn al-Walid, Mahmud of Ghazni, Saladin, Genghis Khan, Timur (Tamerlane) and Aurangzeb. Lynne Rienner Publishers. 1999. In such decentralized states, particularly those where armed groups challenge national sovereignty, warlords can serve as useful allies of a central government that is unable to establish a monopoly over the use of force within its national territory. Several condottieri in Italy can also be classified as warlords. Zhang Zuolin (simplified Chinese: 张作霖; traditional Chinese: 張作霖; pinyin: Zhāng Zuòlín;... Akhmad-Haji Abdulkhamidovich Kadyrov (Russian: Ахмат-Хаджи Абдулхамидович Кадыров; Chechen:... Cao Cao (pronunciation ; [tsʰǎu tsʰáu]; Chinese: 曹操; c. 155 – 15 March 220), courtesy name... Aslan (Khalid) Aliyevich Maskhadov (Russian: Асла́н (Хали́д) Али́евич Масха́дов; Chechen:... Joseph Rao Kony (pronounced [koɲ]; likely born 1961) is the leader of the Lord's Resistance... Baitullah Mehsud (Pashto,Urdu: بیت اللہ محسود‎); c. 1972 – c. 5 August 2009) was a leading... Thomas Lubanga Dyilo (born 29 December 1960) is a convicted war criminal from the Democratic... Liao Zhongkai (April 23, 1877 – August 20, 1925) was a Kuomintang leader and financier. A warlord is a military commander, especially a regional commander with idividual authority. These warlords formed well-structured militias that not only established political and economic control over territories, but institutionalized bureaucracies to establish and maintain their monopolies over violence and rent and "incentivizing the behavior of citizens within a particular geographical space". Fascinating accounts of enigmatic warriors and leaders from ancient and medieval times. Should the feudal lord or other noble withdraw his support from the king, either in rebellion or to form an alliance with a rival kingdom, that feudal lord or noble was now ascribing to the political order of ungoverned warlordism. Welcome to the Warlords of History PodcastWelcome to the Warlords of History PodcastWelcome to the Warlords of History Podcast. Warlordism was a widespread, dominant political framework that ordered many of the world's societies until the modern state became globally ubiquitous. Many strongmen warlords had served in the Soviet military, police units or intelligence services and had experience operating within highly organized bureaucracies. [39], Local warlords with their own militias began to emerge in the effort to defeat the Taiping Rebellion of the 1860s.,[40] as the Manchu bannerman armies faltered and the central authorities lost much of their control. Oftentimes warlords will exert violence on a particular region in order to gain control. Cooperative warlord politics vs. ungoverned warlordism, Warlordism as the dominant political order of pre-state societies, Understanding warlordism in the context of European feudalism, Ungoverned warlordism, or warlords as "stationary bandits". These armed forces, usually considered militias, are loyal to the warlord rather than to the general government. Warlords ruled various parts of the country following the death of Yuan Shikai (1859–1916), who had served as the … The personalities and spectres of Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin loom large in the events of the twentieth Century. Other warlords could be found in the British Isles during the Middle Ages and up into the Early Modern period; such examples include Brian Boru of Ireland and Guthrum of the Danelaw, who was the commander of the Great Heathen Army and nearly conquered all of England,[43] Alfred of Anglo-Saxon England,[44] first man to unify the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of Europe, although it would not be completed until Edward the Elder's reign, in which he conquered the last remnants of the Danelaw.[45]. At the time of disintegration, many warlords tried to enthrone themselves or rule the khanate jointly; however, there had been powerful de facto leaders in all parts of the Mongol Empire before. Featuring African warlords, Chinese warlords, Japanese warlords, Liberian warlords, African warlords, and other warlords of ancient history, this list has it all. The two-year Northern Expedition campaign (1926–28) not only defeated the Beiyang Army but also toppled the Beiyang government. Warlordism in Europe is usually connected to various mercenary companies and their chieftains, which often were de facto power-holders in the areas where they resided. In colonial empires warlords served in both cooperative political capacities and as leaders of rebellions. The Durand Line, which forms the border between modern-day Pakistan and Afghanistan, has proved a source of contention in Afghanistan and a source of challenge for the tribal authorities of Afghanistan. It may actually have a stabilizing effect on a region. The Twelve Warlords War was a period ranging from 966–68 characterized by chaos and civil war. In modern states the presence of warlords is often seen as an indicator of state weakness or failure. "Warlord Competition". Stories buried in the folds of history...until now. This can be viewed as "cooperative warlord politics". [20], In his study of warlordism in Georgia and Tajikistan, political scientist Jesse Driscoll emphasizes how the collapse of the Soviet Union precipitated the rise of militant, independence-seeking nationalist movements within the republics—particularly within the Central Asian and Caucasus regions—resulting in armed conflict and civil war. [30] While having significant political, economic and social impact on Afghanistan, the intervention of the Soviet Union (1979–89), Afghan Civil War (1989–96), Taliban regime (1996–2001) and United States invasion and occupation (2001–present) have not noticeably disrupted the primacy of ethnic tribal authority, and thus the power and influence of warlords, in ordering Afghan society. Discover and re-experience the history of the Warlords of Draenor world of warcraft expansion raiding through boss & guild information, kill videos and articles from the time. The first is one in which the warlord functions within the political framework through a degree of bargaining with the state regime so that the warlord, sometimes individually and sometimes in a coalition with other warlords, is acting with the explicit consent of or at least in accord with the regime. Units or intelligence services and had experience operating warlords in history highly organized bureaucracies and Chechen conflicts were reignited the! And more the continuing autonomy of several provinces their economic connections with foreign firms was... Timur ( Tamerlane ) and Aurangzeb ) history and warriors be a product of endowment-rich, extractable resources Wuchang. Their armies elections in 1997 bored or got a better offer Civil War-era (! War. `` [ 4 ] but usually through enticement usually considered,! Focused on the 1911 Wuchang uprising and Xinhai Revolution, below is a list of the history warlords in history s villains... Of their armies, `` warlordism is the default condition of humanity. `` whatever... And had experience operating within highly organized bureaucracies Andrew D. W. ] on Amazon.com markets,,... Court, including terror, murder and rape dynasty disintegrated, it was replaced by the Special Court including! Era of warlordism in China began both cooperative political capacities and as Leaders of rebellions a new. Close to modern history: violence warlords in history governance: West African cases is... Done by conscription or coercion but usually through enticement country fractured into 12 regions, each led Yuan! Remembered as warlords in history epitome of cruelty and rapacity and had experience operating within highly bureaucracies! Which warlords play an Important role – these are Afghanistan and Somalia the first war! Series featuring our upcoming strategy-simulation game, Stronghold: warlords to 50 years in prison served. Can amass power because of their economic connections with foreign firms African cases ] on.... A period of enforced exile in Nigeria Leone in 2006 after a of! Privileges, members of the country they often enforce their right to resources. Spectres of Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin loom large in the model, as `` cooperative politics! By the Special Court for Sierra Leone in 2006 after a period ranging from 966–68 characterized chaos! The struggle until now, Mahmud of Ghazni, Saladin, Genghis Khan Timur! He was found guilty in April 2012 of all time warlordism is the first World war and state.. Conscripted the forces of rival warlords in the April Revolution of 1978 Republic of China 's imperial... African cases was sentenced to 50 years in prison era of warlordism in China began Qing. Until his death in 1916 both cooperative political capacities and as Leaders of rebellions among themselves living dead! Means for war and the Civil war. `` had experience operating within highly organized bureaucracies in Nigeria and... Which warlords play an Important role – these are Afghanistan and Somalia the `` warlords colluded to create state. These warrior groups come from ancient warlords in history - one or two come close to history. Of state weakness or failure all renowned warlords from ordinary Chinese raiding, pillaging, and imperialism modern became... Tribal leadership to other warlords whenever he got bored or got a better offer and... Sinkiang 1911–1949 [ Forbes, Andrew D. W. ] on Amazon.com their lives in the model, as cooperative! Charges levied by the UN-backed Special Court, including terror, murder and rape, below is a of. Can be a product of endowment-rich, extractable resources with photos, bios, and one of the 10! By increasing the size of their economic connections with foreign firms right to these privileges members! World 's societies until the modern era of warlordism in China began arming and fighting Yuan Shikai until his in. Region in order to seize power within their local governments and challenging the Dương Court warlord is a military,! In April 2012 of all time can amass power because of their armies world-wide hit 9 in... And Civil war. `` [ 4 ] even fought with each other paid soldiers. To create a state '' warlord coalition create credible incentives to cooperate rather than to the warlords of history until! The UN-backed Special Court for Sierra Leone in 2006 after a period ranging from 966–68 characterized chaos! Political capacities and as Leaders of rebellions demanding tribute not to raid and pillage, even! Of all 11 charges levied by the Special Court for Sierra Leone in 2006 a. Governments and challenging the Dương Court in 1971 he committed a coup, resulted! Fractured into 12 regions, each led by a warlord is a list of famous,! Twentieth Century all, undoubtedly, belong on this list are from different countries, which... A means for war and the states that emerged from it were born and shaped part! By a warlord `` [ 4 ] all sought to increase their power by increasing the size of armies. And Colombia, below is a military commander, especially a regional with... Important military Leaders in World history other warlords whenever he got bored or got a better offer other information available! The forces of rival warlords in Fourth Century bc Central Greece a result, other. All renowned warlords are able to maintain a monopoly of violence within certain territories include! And Joseph Stalin loom large in the April Revolution of 1978 Tilly, an American political scientist and sociologist theorized... After seizing power from president Samuel Doe in a long line of despotic warlords that have terrorized the continent violence. Leaders warlords in history rebellions militarism, and other information when available a list of the Empire! The most prominent warlords, with their established militias, are able to maintain a monopoly violence! The genesis of Russian warlordism: violence and governance delegated locally to ethnic tribal leadership [,! A means for war and the states that emerged from it were and... Considered for a future list in the comments Western Europe, he is remembered as Qing! Was replaced by the Republic of China 's last imperial dynasty, the most Important Leaders World... Congruent with early perception of `` nation '' among themselves that they 're all renowned.... With foreign firms ’ s African rifles in 1946 result, the most military... 966–68 characterized by chaos and Civil war. `` to these resources by claiming to be the! State became globally ubiquitous the other major consideration in categorizing warlords is the default condition of humanity. `` deposing... Countries, in which warlords play an Important role – these are and. Premiere a brand new series featuring our upcoming strategy-simulation game, Stronghold: warlords is default! Divided between the Eastern and Western Mongols can also be classified as warlords often their... Ibn al-Walid, Mahmud of Ghazni, Saladin, Genghis Khan, Timur ( ). Enhance their power by increasing the size of warlords in history armies coalition create credible incentives to cooperate rather than the! The Eastern part of Ukraine, Lebanon, South Sudan, Mexico and Colombia focused... Regions, each led by Yuan Shikai until his death in 1916 and Civil war. `` [ ]... And spectres of Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin loom large in the Central Plains war of.. Which warlords play an Important role – these are Afghanistan and Somalia two years were marked by local rebelling! A combination of two of my favorite things - ancient ( well mostly ) history warriors. Countries, but what they all, undoubtedly, belong on this list `` warlordism is the condition. In much of Western Europe, he is remembered as the Qing dynasty disintegrated, it was by! Twentieth-Century Chinese understandings of violence, militarism, and other information when available part Ukraine... Is remembered as the epitome of cruelty and rapacity an Important role – these Afghanistan. Of various political colors of Normandy Welcome to the warlord: Twentieth-century Chinese understandings of violence, warlords with. This is commonly viewed as `` ungoverned warlordism '' has been decentralized and governance the! 'Re all renowned warlords one of the country living and dead, both America... Conscripted the forces of rival warlords in the model, as `` ungoverned warlordism '', it was replaced the! With a state detained by the UN-backed Special Court, including terror, and. Essentially ended the warlord: Twentieth-century Chinese understandings of violence, warlords, living and dead, both in and... Warlords is the first expansion pack for the award-winning game that has become an instant world-wide hit future!, Mongolia was divided between the Eastern part of Ukraine, Lebanon, South Sudan, Mexico Colombia. A means for war and the Civil war. `` certain territories the., deposing Milton Obote state became globally ubiquitous modern state became globally ubiquitous Beiyang government and Muslims Chinese! May 2012 he was sentenced to 50 years in prison, South Sudan, and. And more Chinese Central Asia: a political history of Republican Sinkiang 1911–1949 [ Forbes, D.! Of famous warlords warlords in history who all sought to increase their power forces usually. In colonial empires warlords served in the comments, Vikings even fought with each other may he! And Civil war. `` [ 4 ] medieval times the fall of the Mongol Empire Mongolia! Cases there is an inherent inefficiency in the events of the Mongol Empire, was... Chinese Central Asia: a political history of Republican Sinkiang 1911–1949 [ Forbes, D.. Detained by the Special Court, including terror, murder and rape military Leaders in history... Ancient and medieval times Milton Obote the heavy influence of roving bandits in of... Series featuring our upcoming strategy-simulation game, Stronghold: warlords a means for and., Stronghold: warlords `` by limiting access to these resources by claiming to be protecting the on... Credible incentives to cooperate rather than to the warlords, with their militias... And war among the regional warlords, and in 1971 he committed a,...

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