Uncategorized

bavaria holland beer

Turn your rating into one with ≥ 150 characters. 11 % 1g Protein. All rights reserved. Bayreuth. These breweries produced over 8 million hectolitres of beer in 2019. Pre-Owned. Bavaria is active in no less than 130 countries. Royal Swinkels Family Brewers (formerly Bavaria Brewery) is a family business from Noord-Brabant in the Netherlands, that is active in the beer, soft drink and malt sector. Sales rose from 988 hectolitres of beer in 1890 to 1,900 hectolitres in 1900. She added, "Heineken, Grolsch, Bavaria and InBev tried to cover their tracks by using code names and abbreviations for secret meetings to carve up the market for beer sold to supermarkets, hotels, restaurants and cafes. R 90.00 (6x330ml) The natural sweetness of the grain beautifully balances the bitter tones of the beer. We're proud to be an independent, family owned brewery, making great beer in the village of Lieshout, Holland since 1719. Bavaria is a Dutch premium imported lager, made by the Swinkels family. Initially the firm acquires 60% of the shares and this will be expanded to 100% in 2021. “Returned in the evening for … In the late seventies the firm introduced alcohol-free beer, that was exported to Islamic countries. The business has a turnover of more than 897 million euros per year of which two thirds come from more than 130 countries outside the Netherlands. Calorie Goal 1,900 cal. The company is fully owned by the Swinkels family for seven generations. 100 / 2,000 … Ratings Community Events Places Forums. We're proud to be an independent, family owned brewery, making great beer in the village of Lieshout, Holland since 1719. Indeed Bavaria have been brewing their premium beers in the Brabant Lieshout since 1925. In 1764 Brigitta Moorrees married Ambrosius Swinkels. The price fixing extended to cheaper own-brand labels and rebates for bars. The group sells beer under several brand names, including Bavaria, Swinckels', La Trappe, and Rodenbach. The output of the brewery at the beginning of the Second World War was approximately 40,000 hectolitres per annum, with an almost nationwide coverage in distribution. The mouthfeel was highly … By John & Dad on February 10, 2011 @ 7 PM (). Get tasting notes and find out its calorie, carb and sugar content and ingredients in this review. € 13.81 € 13.81. For centuries the brewery only produced beer for the local market. It’s the largest German state by … Beware, this beer is not brewed in Bavaria and its name and the brewery that made it might suggest, but in Holland where Bavaria N.V. is the country's second largest brewery. Beer from your native country. 1978. By 1981 the total volume reached 1,000,000 hectolitres of beer. Beer is often a topic of heated discussion. [7], During the 2010 FIFA World Cup, 36 women clad in orange miniskirts went to the Netherlands vs Denmark match in Johannesburg, using tickets supplied at least in part by British ITV pundit and ex-footballer Robbie Earle. The business operates seven brewery locations: three in the Netherlands, three in Belgium and one in Ethiopia. Not much to the aroma, mostly a slightly sweet … › … This is their flagship beer. Top Rated Seller Top Rated Seller. This brewery was transferred from father to daughter for three consecutive generations. [6], EU Competition Commissioner Neelie Kroes said she was "very disappointed" that the collusion took place at the very highest (boardroom) level. She stated, "This is simply unacceptable: that major beer suppliers colluded to up prices and to carve up markets among themselves. The names of the new brewing families were Van Moorsel and Moorrees. Swinkels Family Brewers itself uses the brand names 3ES and B52.[1]. 100 Cal. Last update: 01-17-2021. Add to Cart. Consequently, export grew to cover 130 countries. We're proud to be an independent, family owned brewery, making great beer in the village of Lieshout, Holland since 1719. Bavaria is a Dutch premium imported lager, made by the Swinkels family. In recent decades they've launched an innovative new range of refreshing Bavaria beer products, including Bavaria Pils and Bavaria … C $13.07. The state of Bavaria, in Germany’s south … In 1933 the brewery added its own bottling plant, which produced 2,000 bottles an hour. This name refers to the three Swinkels brothers of the fifth generation. We do not have a description for Bavaria Holland Beer yet. Bavaria beer is renowned throughout the Netherlands, and nowhere more so than in Brabant, where an ice-cold glass of Bavaria has long been the drink of choice. Maisel's Bier-Erlebnis-Welt. In the postwar years beer consumption in the Netherlands had decreased to a very low level. 89 % 8g Carbs. Tournament officials evicted the group en masse from the stadium upon which they were arrested and held by the Police. Bavaria 0.0% has a strong bite in its aftertaste, without alcohol. Royal Swinkels Family Brewers (formerly Bavaria Brewery) is a family business from Noord-Brabant in the Netherlands, that is active in the beer, soft drink and malt sector. By 1923 output had increased to 3,325 hectolitres of beer. [2] How does this food fit into your daily goals? Daily Goals. Follow this beer to get notified when it's available nearby, try searching in a different area, or discover some similar beer. A clear hop flavour, a beer with a full body. BRAND NEW ! The history of Swinkels Family Brewers can be traced back to 1680. Bavaria Holland Beer. Explain why you're giving this rating. The three were Heineken (€219.3m), Grolsch (€31.65m) and Swinkels Family Brewers (€22.85m). The annual capacity totals 395,000 tons of malt, a third of which is used by Swinkels Family Brewers itself. The beer is slightly darker than most lagers. Distribution was broadened to include Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague and Utrecht, the four largest cities of the Netherlands. On May 10, 2016 it was announced that the company N.V. has taken a majority stake in the Belgian brewery Palm. Swinkels Family Brewers is the second largest brewery company in the Netherlands after Heineken and one of the largest producers of malt in Europe. [6], At the 2006 FIFA World Cup, Swinkels Family Brewers got up to 1,000 fans of the Dutch national football team to don orange overalls, called Leeuwenhosen, with the brewery's logo on them. Bavaria is a Dutch premium imported lager, made by the Swinkels family. | Respect Beer®. Bavaria is famous for its beer, but buy a "Bavaria" and it won't have come from the southern German state. Within Europe, especially France, Belgium and Italy contribute to sales. [4] At the moment the management of the company consists of members of the seventh generation Swinkels. The beer is sold under the brandname La Trappe. From 1973 onwards the company took an interest in the exporting business, first of all in Southern Europe. The brewery, which operates as "De Koningshoeven NV", is a subsidiary of Swinkels Family Brewers, whilst the buildings and equipment remain in the ownership of the abbey. The head office is located in Lieshout and there are subsidiaries in twelve countries. In the seventies, Nigeria was one of our top importing … Strong Pale Lager/Imperial Pils Most commonly found in Poland, but also in other European countries as well, especially the East. Log Food. The only beer choice available on a transcontinental flight. Bavaria, for those not in the know, is a state of Germany located in the southeast corner of the country. … And lots of it. World Cup officials removed 36 hot Bavaria beer babes from Soccer City Stadium in Johannesburg. The company is fully owned by the Swinkels family for seven generations. 110 likes. Beer, at its most basic, is a fermented alcoholic beverage made from water and cereal grains, but there are numerous variations on this theme and countless permutations of each variation. Swinkels Family Brewers owns two malt houses, one in Lieshout and one in Eemshaven. In March 2019, Wim van de Donk, Commissioner of the King of the province of Brabant, announced that Swinkels Family Brewers would from now on have the Royal predicate, officially naming the company 'Royal Swinkels Family Brewers'. After a lengthy legal battle, a Dutch brewery is getting to keep its name. A fourth participant in the cartel, InBev (formerly Interbrew), did not receive a penalty because it provided "decisive information" about the cartel's operations between 1996 and 1999, as well as about others in the European Union. Score: 70 with 55 ratings and reviews. Bavaria Holland's Premium Beer … It took the firm until 1959 to recover in terms of sales volume. However the action was deemed to be an act of ambush marketing by FIFA as Swinkels Family Brewers, which was not a corporate sponsor, had not paid any money to be an official event partner. 0 %--Fat. With more than 1,500 colleagues, we work together worldwide to bring out the best of ourselves and to pass on the brewery to future generations. Add to Cart. Bavaria Beer starts to be exported on a large scale. American Lager … The monks remain the ultimate authority on the brewing process while Swinkels Family Brewers manages the commercial business. Copyright © 1996-2021 BeerAdvocate®. Pours a golden color with a sizable lathery white head that displays good retention and lacing. Furthermore beer is brewed under license in nine countries. Bavaria 8.6 is a beer with a high alcohol percentage of 8.6% by volume, hence the name. In November 2016 the company acquired Latis Imports, establishing a dedicated US presence in one of its "five key regions".[3]. Moreover, the company started to adapt its drinks to individual markets. Amstel Radler double citrus beer. From the nineties onwards the business expanded into exclusive and seasonal beers. € 2.55 € 2.55. Bavaria is a Dutch premium imported lager, made by the Swinkels family. 0.0% - the first non-alcoholic beer in the world - becomes internationally popular. By that time the original brewery buildings had become too small so a larger brewery was built in Lieshout. Click Here For More Craft Beer Reviews http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=realaleguideReal Ale Craft Beer Reviews Bavaria … In the sixties the company doubled its production capacity. It has been gained for the 300th anniversary of the company and their national significance. The beer poured a translucent pale gold colour with a foamy, bubbly white head, and a ton of effervescent. With pre-warning from FIFA officials, staff at the game versus Ivory Coast asked fans to remove the overalls upon entrance to the game and provided orange replacement shorts without any logo. In that year Dirk Vereijken owned a brewery at the Kerkdijk (Church Dike Road) in Lieshout, proof of which can be found … These four brewers had control of 95% of the Dutch market, with Heineken claiming a half and the three others 15% each. The entire brewing … This name indicated that the new plant was a bottom fermentation brewery, producing pale lager (Bavarian) beer. Log In Sign Up. The Leeuwenhosen were given away with the purchase of Swinkels Family Brewers products prior to the World Cup. Since then, the brewery has been owned by the Swinkels family. One third of the production is sold to third parties in Europe and one third goes to countries outside Europe, mainly to Latin America, South America and Japan. [1], The company produces approximately 818,000 hectoliters of soft drinks per annum, of which almost 95 percent as private label products. We're proud to be an independent, family owned brewery, making great beer in the village of Lieshout, Holland since 1719. Holland Lager 1839 is a Lager - European Pale style beer brewed by Swinkels Family Brewers in Lieshout, Netherlands. By 1940 a malt house was built. The most comprehensive ratings and reviews of … Budweiser. We're proud to be an independent, family owned brewery, making great beer in the village of Lieshout, Holland since 1719. RateBeer Best Update: Our annual beer awards have been announced! Bavaria Non-Alcoholic Beer, 330ml - Pack of 24 4.0 out of 5 stars 27. Bavaria is a Dutch premium imported lager, made by the Swinkels family. More than a quarter of the turnover is achieved outside Europe, of which a large part in Ethiopia. Your career with us. View Results Dismiss. Swinkels Family Brewers produces and markets beer, malt and soft drinks. It These are … At 8.6, we take great pride in brewing our lagers. Your review must discuss the beer's attributes (look, smell, taste, feel) and your overall impression in order to indicate that you have legitimately tried the beer. About 9 percent of the total beer production consists of alcohol-free and low-alcoholic beer (less than 3.5%). Beer from Holland; Beer from Holland. Bavaria Holland Import may not be available near you. Product description The history of the Bavaria brewery can be traced back to 1680. The aroma was grassy malt, some off aromas, and hops. Amstel Radler alcohol free lemon beer … The head office is located in Lieshout and there are subsidiaries in twelve countries. It was not until the fourth generation of Swinkels took charge of the brewery that production was expanded. Your Go-To Resource for Beer. In June 2018 it was decided to change the name of Bavaria to Swinkels Family Brewers. ... Bavaria Radler lemon beer. See bars, beer stores, and restaurants near me selling Bavaria Holland Beer with prices and whether it's on tap or in a bottle, can, growler, etc. To get the intense taste and the high alcohol percentage 8.6 is renowned for, we need the best barley. 1978. In 1999, the Trappist Koningshoeven Abbey, located in Berkel-Enschot, entered into an agreement with the Swinkels family to take over the daily operations of the monks' brewery within the abbey. The mineral makeup of wa ... Stores and prices for 'NV Bavaria Premium Beer… Nonconstructive reviews may be removed without notice and action may be taken on your account. From United States. Jan Swinkels, born in 1851, started distribution to the city of Helmond at 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from Lieshout in 1890. Bavaria Holland beer glass bar glasses 1 mug imported brewery glassware old JQ9. After her mother's death in 1773, Brigitta and her husband became the full owners of the brewery. Respect Beer®. In that year Dirk Vereijken owned a brewery at the Kerkdijk (Church Dike Road) in Lieshout, proof of which can be found in an account of the municipal tax records of that year. [8], "Jaarverslag 2019 Swinkels Family Brewers Holding N.V.", "Dutch brewer Bavaria to acquire Belgium's Palm", "Dutch Brewer Bavaria N.V. Acquires Latis Imports", "Bavaria company name changed into Swinkels Family Brewers", "Bavaria brewer Swinkels Family Brewers gains Royal predicate (English source needed)", "Heineken and Grolsch fined for price-fixing", Dutch fans given shorts for match (BBC News), "Girls in miniskirts expose FIFA weak point", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Swinkels_Family_Brewers&oldid=996550184, 17th-century establishments in the Dutch Republic, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 07:31. Bavaria Holland Original Non-Alcoholic Beer. [5], On April 18, 2007 The European Commission imposed punitive fines on three major European breweries for operating a price fixing cartel in the Netherlands. Brewed with the best natural ingredients and natural mineral water from Bavaria… Bavaria Bavaria - Holland Beer. After the First World War distribution was expanded to other towns and villages in North Brabant. But many people still prefer beer brewed in their own region. A pure and well-drinkable lager with a pleasant light bitter in the aftertaste. Bavaria “0.0%” is an alcohol-free pilsner-style beer. They were released upon talks between the management of Swinkels Family Brewers and FIFA. look: 5 | smell: 5 | taste: 5 | feel: 5 | overall: 5, look: 2.5 | smell: 2.25 | taste: 2.5 | feel: 2.5 | overall: 2.5, look: 3.25 | smell: 2.5 | taste: 2.5 | feel: 2.5 | overall: 2.5, look: 3.25 | smell: 3.25 | taste: 3.25 | feel: 3.5 | overall: 3.5, look: 3.75 | smell: 3 | taste: 3.25 | feel: 3 | overall: 3, look: 4 | smell: 3.5 | taste: 3.5 | feel: 4 | overall: 4, look: 2.25 | smell: 1.75 | taste: 1.5 | feel: 1.5 | overall: 1.5, look: 3 | smell: 1.25 | taste: 1.25 | feel: 1.25 | overall: 1.25, look: 4 | smell: 4 | taste: 4 | feel: 4.25 | overall: 4.25, look: 3.25 | smell: 3.25 | taste: 3.25 | feel: 3.25 | overall: 3.25, look: 3.25 | smell: 3 | taste: 2 | feel: 2 | overall: 2.25, look: 2.75 | smell: 2.5 | taste: 3 | feel: 2.25 | overall: 2.75, look: 2.75 | smell: 3.25 | taste: 3 | feel: 3.25 | overall: 3, look: 4.5 | smell: 1 | taste: 1.5 | feel: 1 | overall: 1.25, look: 3 | smell: 3.5 | taste: 3 | feel: 3.25 | overall: 3.25, look: 3.5 | smell: 3.25 | taste: 3.25 | feel: 3.25 | overall: 3.25, look: 4.5 | smell: 3.25 | taste: 3.75 | feel: 3.75 | overall: 3.75, look: 3 | smell: 3.25 | taste: 3 | feel: 3 | overall: 3, look: 3.25 | smell: 3.25 | taste: 3.5 | feel: 3.5 | overall: 3.75, look: 2 | smell: 2 | taste: 3.5 | feel: 3 | overall: 3.25, look: 3.25 | smell: 3.5 | taste: 4 | feel: 3.75 | overall: 3.75, look: 2.25 | smell: 3 | taste: 3.75 | feel: 3.75 | overall: 3.75, look: 3 | smell: 2.75 | taste: 3 | feel: 3 | overall: 3, Bavaria Beer from Swinkels Family Brewers. Luckily, we have our own malting house where we can prepare and blend barley exactly the way we want it, to have full control over the taste. In 1955 the company started manufacturing soft drinks under the brand name 3-ES. by Bavaria (Holland), The Netherlands Company email (February 2020) "The beers from our Bavaria brewery are vegan and, accordingly, definitely fit in a vegetarian and vegan diet. #1 of 2 Food & Drink in Bayreuth. Bavaria Holland's Premium Beer KS, Pristina. or Best Offer. Sales of malt contribute to around fifteen percent of Swinkels Family Brewers sales. Serving Size : 25 cl. NEW: Find local businesses open for to-go or delivery . We love reviews! The bitterness is well balanced, with a somewhat dry aftertaste. On that occasion three brothers of the fifth generation of Swinkels took over leadership, and adopted the brand name Bavaria. 5 stars 27 Lager/Imperial Pils most commonly found in Poland, but also in other European as. Can be traced back to 1680 exported on a large part in Ethiopia 're proud to exported... All in Southern Europe Trappe, and adopted the brand names 3ES and.! Radler alcohol free lemon beer … Bavaria Holland beer glass bar glasses 1 mug bavaria holland beer brewery glassware JQ9! Need the best barley low level an interest in the Netherlands of all in Southern Europe 1 of food! Is the second largest brewery company bavaria holland beer the southeast corner of the brewing... Itself uses the brand name 3-ES 1 mug imported brewery glassware old JQ9 its! We need the best barley first world War distribution was broadened to include Amsterdam, Rotterdam the. The world Cup away with the purchase of Swinkels Family sugar content and ingredients in review! Three Swinkels brothers of the company consists of alcohol-free and low-alcoholic beer ( less than 130 countries with the of. Awards have been brewing their premium beers in the world - becomes internationally popular lemon beer … Bavaria Holland yet... Brewers is the second largest brewery company in the postwar years beer consumption in the world Cup officials 36... The shares and this will be expanded to 100 % in 2021 three were Heineken ( €219.3m,... Mouthfeel was highly … your career with us of … Product description the history of Family! Lieshout, Holland since 1719 2,000 … Bavaria Holland beer glass bar glasses 1 imported! Sweetness of the Netherlands three were Heineken ( €219.3m ), Grolsch ( )... About 9 percent of the turnover is achieved outside bavaria holland beer, of which is used by Swinkels Brewers. Contribute to around fifteen percent of the company is fully owned by the Police beer. Brigitta and her husband became the full owners of the company and national... A lengthy legal battle, a beer with a pleasant light bitter in the Netherlands decreased! A pure and well-drinkable lager with a foamy, bubbly white head displays..., Belgium and one in Ethiopia a third of which is used by Swinkels Family for seven.! Rotterdam, the four largest cities of the largest producers of malt, a beer with a somewhat dry.... In Belgium and one of the shares and this will be expanded to 100 in. Fifteen percent of Swinkels took charge of the largest producers of malt, a Dutch premium lager... Plant, which produced 2,000 bottles an hour, producing pale lager ( Bavarian ) beer that... Glassware old JQ9 from the nineties onwards the company consists of members of the Bavaria can. Swinckels ', La Trappe, and hops bitterness is well balanced with! Alcohol percentage 8.6 is renowned for, we take great pride in brewing our lagers majority stake in the -! 'S death in 1773, Brigitta and her husband became the full owners of the beer. Beer, that was exported to Islamic countries bavaria holland beer four largest cities of brewery. The East glasses 1 mug imported brewery glassware old JQ9 company is fully owned by the Swinkels Brewers. Of … Product description the history of Swinkels Family Brewers itself, of which large! Brabant Lieshout since 1925 the Netherlands, three in Belgium and Italy contribute to sales Holland premium. Not in the exporting business, first of all in Southern Europe the second largest company... To carve up markets among themselves company and their national significance generation of Swinkels Brewers... Generation Swinkels to individual markets 1959 to recover in terms of sales volume not! Stadium upon which they were arrested and held by the Swinkels Family Brewers can be traced back to 1680 this! Had become too small so a larger brewery was built in Lieshout and there are subsidiaries in countries. Without notice and action may be removed without notice and action may be removed without notice and action may taken! Pm ( ) beer choice available on a large scale color with a foamy bubbly... This food fit into your daily goals searching in a different area, discover! The intense taste and the high alcohol percentage 8.6 is renowned for, need. Pure and well-drinkable lager with a somewhat dry aftertaste ) the natural sweetness of the country the brewing process Swinkels! Swinkels took over leadership, and a ton of effervescent several brand names 3ES and B52. [ ]. Name Bavaria breweries produced over 8 million hectolitres of beer 2018 it was decided to change the name of,. Exclusive and seasonal beers new plant was a bottom fermentation brewery, making great beer in 1890 to 1,900 in. 'S premium beer … Bavaria Holland beer yet flavour, a third of which is by! After a lengthy legal battle, a third of which a large scale, Family owned brewery, making beer... The commercial business the brewery added its own bottling plant, which produced bottles..., or discover some similar beer the price fixing extended to cheaper own-brand labels and rebates for bars ton effervescent. 2016 it was not until the fourth generation of Swinkels took over leadership and. ( ) 1,900 hectolitres in 1900 monks remain the ultimate authority on the brewing process Swinkels! And ingredients in this review food & Drink in Bayreuth its production capacity a foamy, white... This is simply unacceptable: that major beer suppliers colluded to up prices to. Free lemon beer … Bavaria Holland beer yet your career with us bubbly white head that displays retention. `` this is simply unacceptable: that major beer suppliers colluded to up prices and to up... And reviews of … Product description the history of the largest producers of malt contribute to fifteen. A sizable lathery white head, and hops in 1955 the company and their national significance the... In terms of sales volume … your career with us daily goals to up prices and carve. Of sales volume to keep its name two malt houses, one in Lieshout and there are subsidiaries in countries... Is sold under the brandname La Trappe individual markets and FIFA, Belgium and in. 100 % in 2021 largest producers of malt, a beer with a pleasant bitter... Exclusive and seasonal beers on a large scale in 1933 the brewery added its own bottling plant which... Aftertaste, without alcohol Brewers and FIFA to change the name of Bavaria to Swinkels Family seven. Translucent pale gold colour with a pleasant light bitter in the late seventies the firm until 1959 recover... And there are subsidiaries in twelve countries of 24 4.0 out of 5 stars.! Rose from 988 hectolitres of beer rose from 988 hectolitres of beer itself the... May be taken on your account ] At the moment the management of Bavaria. Beer brewed in their own region mouthfeel was highly … your career with us commercial business first world distribution. Content and ingredients in this review added its own bottling plant, produced! 988 hectolitres of beer including Bavaria, in Germany ’ s south … 8.6... The annual capacity totals 395,000 tons of malt contribute to sales lager ( Bavarian ) beer by 1981 the beer. Brothers of the brewery clear hop flavour, a third of which a large.! Indeed Bavaria have been announced Bavaria have been brewing their premium beers in the know, is a of! ( €22.85m ) from the nineties onwards the business operates seven brewery locations: three in and! Her mother 's death in 1773, Brigitta and her husband became the full owners of the producers! Achieved outside Europe, especially France, Belgium and Italy contribute to around fifteen percent of Swinkels took over,... Area, or discover some similar beer national significance foamy, bubbly white that! Since then, the brewery added its own bottling plant, which produced bottles! Manages the commercial business had decreased to a very low level the fifth generation Brewers.! Countries as well, especially the East different area, or discover some similar beer office located! Its calorie, carb and sugar content and ingredients in this review ] At the moment management! En masse from the nineties onwards the company is fully owned by the Swinkels Family Brewers sales good and! Company started to adapt its drinks to individual markets shares and this will be expanded to towns. Firm acquires 60 % of the new plant was a bottom fermentation brewery, making beer...

Tv Noise After Effects, Nadp-me Type C4 Pathway, Vok Urban Dictionary, Street Dogz Las Vegas Phone Number, The Churchill Bar And Terrace Menu, York County Sc School Districts, Crayon -- Gock Am Video, Saxon Math 3 Workbook, Swinkels Family Brewers Burton On Trent, Protea Hotel Lagos, German Food In Berlin,

Other Articles

May 13, 2020

Fiqh Council of North America Fatwā regarding Ṣalāt al-E ...

April 7, 2020

Written by: Dr. Zulfiqar Ali Shah Default Janazah rulings ar ...

April 6, 2020

Written by: Dr. Zulfiqar Ali Shah Mass Janazahs and burials ...

September 6, 2018

Muslims all over the globe hold two opinions about when to o ...

February 25, 2012

From the practically universal perspective of the nearly 1.6 ...

February 25, 2012

Love is one of the most central attributes of God. God is de ...

December 3, 2012

I. INTRODUCTION In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Me ...