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genesis 1:2 commentary

"Darkness" is a symbol of evil in Scripture (cf. The Spirit of God must bring order and development (1) to the spiritual world, (2) to the individual soul. ], "and" or "then" (not preferable grammatically) and the verb (, 2. Wood, The Holy Spirit in the Old Testament, and idem, The Prophets of Israel, pp85-87.]. It expresses here the state of primæval matter immediately after creation, when as yet there was no cohesion between the separate particles. He saw everything that He had made answering the plan which His eternal wisdom had conceived; and, "Behold it was very good" [ Genesis 1:31 ]. "was") can and should read "became." In Exodus 20:11 we read of a literal six day creation. ], History: This is a very old theory that certain early Jewish writers and some church fathers held. References: Genesis 1:2—R. See Ezekiel 28:12-15; Isaiah 14:9-14 which certainly go beyond the kings of Tyre and Babylon. Harry Rimmer supported it [Note: Modern Science and the Genesis Record, 1941.] [Note: Nahum Sarna, Understanding Genesis, p7.]. The Bible speaks of the Spirit as the power or mind of … Explanation: Genesis 1:1 refers to God"s original creation of the universe. Whence this transition? The deeps were fluid, unshaped, dark and mysterious. He then proceeded to give it form and to fill it. Genesis 1:2 seems to me to describe conditions that existed before God created the earth. Some traces of this appear in the νους or mind of Anaxagoras, which when all things were mixed together came and set them in orderF24Laert. To those who have their hearts in heaven, this lower world, in comparison of the upper, still appears to be confusion and emptiness. Vocabulary: Advocates translate and interpret the key Hebrew words the same as in view2. 2. This may be true of the world of matter. The first word in Genesis 1:2 (Heb. It is probable therefore that he intends us to see the Spirit in action in the following verses, acting through God’s word. A. The words appear in the same form again in Jeremiah 4:23. Shall I see, as if by magic, street after street arise, square after square occupy its ancient position, temple after temple point its glittering canopy to heaven; shall I see the city enclosed by walls, filled with a busy, trading, pleasure-seeking population, and be told that all this order, and magnificence, and life, has come of the pile of ruins? "And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters ..." Significantly, the Third Person of the Godhead appears here alongside God Himself. As the idea of incubation, or hatching an egg, is implied in the original word, hence probably the notion, which prevailed among the ancients, that the world was generated from an egg. 3. [Note: John Whitcomb and Henry Morris, The Genesis Flood, p92.] Problem: Some terms in Genesis 1:2 (darkness, surface, deep, waters) imply that something existed at this time, suggesting some creative activity before Genesis 1:3. We cannot see the Intelligence, the Mind which directs the works of nature; but it is equally true that we cannot see them in the works of man. However its use in the Pentateuch helps us understand the writer"s intent in using this term here. היה hāyah “be.” It is to be noted, however, that the word has three meanings, two of which now scarcely belong to our English “be.”, 1. In the beginning — a period of remote and unknown antiquity, hid in the depths of eternal ages; and so the phrase is used in Proverbs 8:22 , … 3. FIRST DAY — LIGHT, 3-5. It is God’s positive action that brings light. The big thing that appears in this verse is the abundant water supply, one of the principle prerequisites of life in any form. For the absolutely one, the pure monad that has no internal relation, no complexity of quality or faculty, is barren, and must remain alone. Under these circumstances it becomes a question of supreme and paramount importance, whether a renovating process has been commenced upon us--whether, under the influence of the salutary motions of the Spirit of God, we have made it our endeavour to cleanse ourselves from all impurity of flesh and spirit, and to perfect holiness in the fear of God--whether the various streams of thought, feeling, and conduct, are gradually purifying from their drossy and turbid aspect, and whether our whole character from day to day becomes more thoroughly assimilated to the Divine image, and assumes more of the complexion and the hue of heaven. (Haydock), ‘And the earth was without form and empty. Genesis 1:2 describes the earth at the time of its creation. To intimate sequence in time the conjunction would have been prefixed to the verb in the form ותהי vatehı̂y “then was.”. Let the free behest be given, and the universe starts into being. He will cause all the nobler faculties of the soul to shine out with their intended splendour. There is no thought that it had ‘become’ this way, or was naturally so. 3. ., p20.] Here we learn that the earth was "formless and empty" (a hendiadys meaning unorganized, unproductive, and uninhabited) before God graciously prepared it for human habitation (cf. The earth — When first called into existence, was without form and void: confusion and emptiness, as the same original words are rendered, Isaiah 34:11. Again, it is true of intellectual life. Others, a magnetic attraction, by which all things were caused to gravitate to a common center. That is not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural: then that which is spiritual. G. H. Pember"s book Earth"s Ancient Ages (1907) gave further impetus to this view. From these terms it is probable that the ancient Syrians and Egyptians borrowed their gods, Theuth and Bau, and the Greeks their Chaos. Since these different conclusions are supported on grounds of philology as well as geology, it is necessary in our exposition to follow a similar course; and, therefore, we shall endeavour first to ascertain by a minute exegesis the precise meaning of the terms employed, after which we shall compare the Mosaic cosmogony with the ascertained facts or prevailing theories of science. Proud member Sermon Bible Commentary. Boardman. A farther advance was made by the creation of terrestrial animals, all the various species of which are included in three classes: (1) cattle, the herbivorous kind capable of labor or domestication. And the earth was without form and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. Furthermore evening was part of the days God declared good. ", [Note: John Whitcomb and Henry Morris, The Genesis Flood, p92. 3. THAT THE MOST ELEMENTARY AND RUDE CONDITIONS OF THINGS ARE NOT TO BE REJECTED OR OVERLOOKED. ובהוּ תהוּ tohû vābohû “a waste and a void.” The two terms denote kindred ideas, and their combination marks emphasis. ) It introduces something that happened after what precedes. The Spirit of God moved (מרחפת, brooding, comp. 2. God had created the earth covered in water and now He began His work upon it. You have seen, then, an exact representation of the fallen state of man, and what the Word and Spirit of God, and these only, can do for him. l. 1. [Note: For a good explanation of the gap theory, as well as the atheistic evolution, theistic evolution, progressive creation, and fiat creation views, see James M. Boice. Not in the erect form or features of man, not in his intellect, for the devil and his angels are, in this respect, far superior; not in his immortality, for he has not, like God, a past as well as a future eternity of being; but in the moral dispositions of his soul, commonly called original righteousness ( Ecclesiastes 7:29 ). “In me, that is, in my flesh, dwelleth no good thing.”. Thus it indicated that which was impenetrable, and beyond man’s sphere, that which was shapeless, dark and fluid. This water supply was evidently part of the special creation benefiting our earth, making the passage a further detail of God's creating the earth (Genesis 1:1). “It is our part to preach Christ, but it is the Spirit’s office to convince “of sin, righteousness, and judgment.” The Spirit Himself is the foundation of all spirituality. Exodus 32:1. ], [Note: Systematic Theology, 1947-48, 6:67.]. This is true in some cases, but not always (cf. Also, in Romans 5:12 we read that death is the result of Adam's sin. The present sentence, accordingly, may not stand closely conjoined in point of time with the preceding one. [Note: Young, et al. These are the three essential attributes of spirit. Hence, it means to be manifestly, so that eye-witnesses may observe the signs of existence. A. 1. I. Even the oldest books in the Bible refer to it (forexample, Exodus 3:15; Job 28:25-29). It was, as OvidF11"Quem dixere chaos, rudis indigestaque moles", Ovid Metamorph. Genesis 1:2, NKJV. 1. This same Spirit "moved" or broodedF21מרחפת "incubabat", Junius, Tremellius, Piscator, "as a dove on her young", T. Bab. 6 weeks, 6 lessons. 156. Genesis 1:9-13 9 Then God said, “Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear”; and it was so. The moral and spiritual nature of man forms quite another world from the material universe, and yet how closely the two are linked in the human body and soul! As often, therefore, as we use them, should not our hearts be grateful to Him who is the author of them, and take heed not to abuse them? This word, from a root signifying confusion or disturbance, is poetically applied to the ocean, as in Psalms 42:7, from the restless motion of its waves, but is used here to describe the chaos as a surging mass of shapeless matter. The immediate agency of the Spirit, by working on the dead and discordant elements, combined, arranged, and ripened them into a state adapted for being the scene of a new creation. In fact, Genesis is a very carefulaccount, which teaches the main principles in … And in what did this image of God consist? Observe: as, in shaping the material earth out of the old chaos, the Spirit of God added no new elements, but simply fashioned into order the old; so, in organizing the spiritual chaos, He adds no new faculties, but simply quickens and organizes the old. [Note: Waltke, et al.]. That same breath of God which moved over the face of those ancient fluids, is moving today over the soul of humanity. Without form, and void.—Literally, tohu and bohu, which words are both substantives, and signify wasteness and emptiness. Jeremiah 4:23-27; Isaiah 24:1; Isaiah 45:18 clearly indicate that the earth had undergone a cataclysmic change as the result of divine judgment. Others, the sun, penetrating and drying up the earth with his rays. And it is only when the Spirit of God begins to move upon the stagnant waters of his cold and damp indifference, that light breaks in upon his mind. 2 Corinthians 5:17, 2 Corinthians 5:18). no clear biblical text testifies to the origins of chaos or of the Serpent, nor to the reason for their existence." l. 7. c. 16. says; and therefore he thought the question, whether an hen or an egg was oldest, was of some moment, and deserved consideration: and the Chinese sayF5Martin. It is the office of the Spirit of God alone to produce light and order in the dark and chaotic soul. Joshua 4:1; Joshua 5:1. It is not now a region of land and water, but a chaotic mass of turbid waters, floating over, it may be, and partly laden with, the ruins of a past order of things; at all events not at present possessing the order of vegetable and animal life. B. Owen, M. 28. You will learn how the world was created and how man came into being as you study both biblical and scientific accounts. Genesis 1:3 describes God bringing order out of chaos, which continued through the six creative days. But this unseen material force, wind (John 3:8), has ever suggested to the human mind the thought of the Divine agency, which, equally unseen, is even mightier in its working. A Commentary on the Story of Creation (Genesis 1:1 - 2:3 RSV) The opening chapters of the Bible are essential for our understanding of the rest of it. Genesis 1:1-2:3 – The Bible Teaching Commentary The Creation Account describes what happen in the creation as well as discusses gap theory, literal days, framework hypothesis and … Genesis 1:1-2 New International Version (NIV) The Beginning 1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. (T. M. Herbert, M. The wicked man is said to “walk in darkness” (1 John 1:6); “darkness blindeth his eyes” (1 John 2:11); his “understanding is darkened” Ephesians 4:18); his “foolish heart is darkened” (Romans 1:21); he “loves darkness rather than light” (1 John 3:21); “he knows not nor understands, but walks on in darkness” (Psalms 82:5); and if he repent not he “shall be cast into outer darkness” (Matthew 25:30). Cicero do Natura Deorum, l. 1. the philosopher makes water to be the beginning of all things, as do the Indian BrahmansF18Strabo. See Gary Anderson, "The Interpretation of Genesis l:1 in the Targums," Catholic Biblical Quarterly52:1 (January1990):23. And the Spirit of God— רוח ruach, i.e.. . It had no form or shape, was ever changing and temporary, and was suitable as a description of ultimate formlessness and barrenness. [Note: For a creationist explanation of the ice ages, see Ken Ham, Andrew Snelling, and Carl Wieland, The Answers Book, pp12-13, 77-87. “And the earth” - the connecting ‘’ (‘waw’) really excludes the suggestion of a gap between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2. In one word, the chaotic state of man’s soul before God can only be restored to light, warmth, order, beauty, and life by the working of the Divine Spirit, through applying “the truth as it is in Christ Jesus” as the means. This first verse is a general introduction to the inspired volume, declaring the great and important truth that all things had a beginning; that nothing throughout the wide extent of nature existed from eternity, originated by chance, or from the skill of any inferior agent; but that the whole universe was produced by the creative power of God ( Acts 17:24 , Romans 11:36 ). Summary: Though many evangelicals still hold the gap theory, few Hebrew scholars do because the Hebrew grammar does not favor a chronologically sequential reading of Genesis 1:1-2. Moved - מרחפת merachepheth, was brooding over; for the word expresses that tremulous motion made by the hen while either hatching her eggs or fostering her young. The translators have rendered it this way in many other places in the Old Testament. Caphtor Uperah, fol. Others, a certain occult principle, termed the anima mundi or soul of the world. However there are several indications in the Old Testament that informed Israelites identified the Spirit as God (cf. Jonah 3:3; Zechariah 3:3). Furthermore, he used bara of the creation of some animals ( Genesis 1:21) and asah of the creation of other animals ( Genesis 1:25). And. .," pp80-81. Tert.[Tertullian? The first recorded step in the process of fashioning the earth into the form in which it now appears was God"s remarkable utterance, "Let there be light" [, [Note: Brevard S. Childs, Myth and Reality in the Old Testament, p30. A chaos was the first matter. It was the gift of God. It is chaos in the sense of being unshaped and unformed and not controlled, utterly waste and shapeless and void. The words used in the first verse needed an explanation, which the rest of the chapter at once supplies. I say it is the work of the Word and Spirit: not the Word alone, nor the Spirit alone; but it is the work of the two conjointly. It is a marvellous fact that Genesis does contain the germ of well-nigh every evangelical truth, but it contains it in a suggestive and not a completed form. deep, from its vast bulk and depth; and waters, from its outward face and covering. In this condition we are utterly unfit for the service of God here, and the presence of God hereafter--unfit for communion with God by prayer and devout meditation--unfit for the suitable and acceptable discharge of any one of the duties of God’s worship--unfit for life--unfit for death. And no wonder. This sentence, therefore, does not necessarily describe the state of the land when first created, but merely intimates a change that may have taken place since it was called into existence. ), and was written to counter Babylonian mythology and to give captive Israel hope in a time of despair. Not peopled with great thoughts. In short, the Hebrew grammar does not support a chronological gap between Genesis 1:1-2. "He spake and it was done. As, then, the moon is, so was this earth of ours, when Moses described not its contents, of which he knew nothing, but its surface, as without form and void. 1. l. 20, 21, 22. 15. Not even the seeds of any useful herbs. II. If Genesis 1:1 was a general description he would have used asah since some of what God created in the six days He formed out of previously existing material (e.g, man and woman). FIFTH DAY. 3. Be fruitful, &c.--The human race in every country and age has been the offspring of the first pair. Do we not apply indiscriminately to infants and animals the impersonal pronoun “it”? The world is under a Divine ministry. Was is not the copula, but the substantive verb existed, and expresses duration of time. Genesis 1:2 describes conditions as they existed before creation. We should also take tohu wa bohu to mean either unformed or evil. (Thomas Chamlers (1780-1847) in 1814 was the first to purpose that there is a gap between verse 1 and 2. "[2] The Spirit here is the Blessed Holy Spirit, concerning whom much more information appears in the N.T. Hence, Exodus 3:1, kept = became keeper, quit = become men, &c. See App-7. And what is so sadly true of humanity as a whole, is as sadly true of each member of humanity, at least in his natural, or rather unnatural, denatured state. the earth. What noble examples there have been among men, of righteousness, faithfulness, and love--the very attributes of God--yet we feel man has not realized the greatness and goodness that he may. Commentary on Genesis 2:18-25 (Read Genesis 2:18-25) Power over the creatures was given to man, and as a proof of this he named them all. Darwin"s Origin of Species first appeared in1859, but Chalmers published his theory in1814. called: Ge 4:26 13:4 21:33 Ps 116:4 Joe 2:32 Ac 2:21 Ro 10:12-14 1Co 1:2 ; Genesis 12 Resources - Multiple commentaries, sermons, devotionals; Genesis 12:4-9 - Obedient Faith by Steven Cole; Genesis 12:1-9 The Evidence of Saving Faith - Allen Ross; Map of Migration of Abram from Ur to Haran to Canaan; Map of Abram in Canaan and Migration to Egypt An enemy hath done this" (Matthew 13:25, Matthew 13:28, Matthew 13:39. [Note: Bush; Waltke, Creation and . It cannot therefore be intended to describe anything beyond this definite region. [Note: See Leon J. This is true of the world of soul. For “the spirit of God” is equivalent to “God who is a spirit.” This is that essential characteristic of the Everlasting which makes creation possible. [Note: For a creationist explanation of the ice ages, see Ken Ham, Andrew Snelling, and Carl Wieland, The Answers Book, pp12-13, 77-87. It is enveloped in a thick, impenetrable mantle of ignorance, prejudice, and unconcern. Gen 1:2. Genesis 2:1 Genesis 2:1Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them. And St. Paul tells us that God the Holy Spirit, who first illumined the dark world of matter, still illuminates the dark world of mind. 2. The air was thus "in the midst of the waters," that is, separated them; and this being the apparent use of it, is the only one mentioned, although the atmosphere serves other uses, as a medium of life and light. God said--This phrase, which occurs so repeatedly in the account means: willed, decreed, appointed; and the determining will of God was followed in every instance by an immediate result. We may speak of ‘chaos’ as long as we do not read in ideas that are not there. and versions. Your little one may grow into a Shakespeare; but at present, and intellectually surveyed--forgive me, fond mother, for saying it--your little one is scarcely more than a little animal. προτογον, ver. App-6. 3. Once more: it is true of moral life. At the same time, we may conceive the spirit of God to manifest its energy in some outward effect, which may bear a fair analogy to the natural figure by which it is represented. Sequence: This interpretation permits, but does not require, a gap in time between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2. The face of the earth bears everywhere the marks of such a catastrophe. Brooding, incubating as God’s Holy Dove over the chaos of humanity, He is quickening its latent forces, arranging its elements, assorting its capacities, organizing its functions, apportioning its gifts, perfecting its potentialities: in short, completing, fulfilling consummating man in the sphere of Jesus Christ. Euseb. 5. It is not necessary to postulate billions of years between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2 in order to help God find the time to do all that He did for our earth. . ], [Note: Modern Science and the Genesis Record, 1941. It is described definitely by the three states of the Hebrew verb - the perfect, the current, and the imperfect. "Darkness" is a symbol of evil in Scripture (cf. Some conservative scholars believe that, though the Spirit was really the third person of the Trinity, people living during the Old Testament period did not associate the Spirit with God Himself. "And the earth was without form and void." After creation, the earth existed as a shapeless and empty waste. It says, “Change succeeded to change, in strict accordance with physical law, very slowly but surely, with no sudden transitions, till, step by step, the one condition passed into the other.” Those regular changes were all that appeared; and they are all which appear now, though the same changes are still going on. In the Old Testament tahom refers to the ocean, which the ancient world regarded as symbolic of chaos and evil that needed overcoming and which Yahweh overcame. It is true of physical life. Let me restate these last two views. “Hovered”. 1. When, therefore, He fixed the foundation of the earth, and formed the world, He tells Job that then “the morning stars sung together, and all the sons of god shouted for joy”: they sung of the mighty power and glory of God: they shouted for joy at the goodness and wisdom of their everlasting Father, here displayed so gloriously. A completed event is expressed by the former of the two states, or, as they are commonly called, tenses of the Hebrew verb; a current event, by the imperfect participle; an incipient event, by the second state or tense. השׁך choshek “darkness, the absence of light.”, פגים pānı̂ym “face, surface.” פנה panah “face, look, turn toward.”, תהום tehôm “roaring deep, billow.” הוּם hûm “hum, roar, fret.”, רחף rāchaph “be soft, tremble.” Piel, “brood, flutter.”, והארץ vehā'ārets “and the earth.” Here the conjunction attaches the noun, and not the verb, to the preceding statement. F, Toronto, Canada. A hendiadys is a figure of speech in which the writer expresses a single complex idea by joining two substantives with "and" rather than by using an adjective and a substantive. I shall not be very solicitous about the exposition of these two epithets, תוהו, (tohu,) and בוהו, (bohu.) In addition to this, we cannot see how a universe of moral beings can be governed on any other principle; while, on the other hand, the principle itself is perfectly compatible with the administration of the whole according to a predetermined plan, and does not involve any vacillation of purpose on the part of the Great Designer. Opinions as to the import of this second verse are no less diverse than in regard to the degree of relation which it bears to the first, because, according to one class of expositors, it describes the primordial state of the earth when newly emanating from the hands of the Creator; while another class consider it as pointing to a great physical catastrophe which at some subsequent period befell the earth, and from the extensive derangements occasioned by which it gradually emerged when the present mundane system began to be introduced. Deuteronomy 27:9. Into this gap he places a pre-Adamic age, about which the scriptures say nothing. Why call an ocean a desert? Bibliotheca Sacra149:595 (July-September1992):316-23; and596 (October-December1992):411-27; Targum Neofiti; et al. Moved— The word ףּרח rechep, whence מרחפת mera-chepeth, seems properly to signify to make a tremulous or fluttering motion, such as that of an eagle fluttering over her nest; in which sense it is used, Deuteronomy 32:11 fluttereth over her young. Upon the face, the surface or uppermost part of it, upon which the light afterward shone. It was as He had determined it to be. Another function equally necessary and important, which the Spirit of God performs in the new creation of the soul, is that of purification. Deorum, l. 1. Note that all that was outside of God and was visible was described as ‘the deep’, and that everything that happens is seen from the point of view of earth. So is man as a spiritual being till God’s Spirit begins to work on his fallen nature. . But though he was lord of the creatures, yet nothing in this world was a help meet for man. In Matthew 19:4-5, Jesus refered to events in Genesis 1 and to events in Genesis 2 as one harmonious account. 2. The effect is described in the name "day," which in Hebrew signifies "warmth," "heat"; while the name "night" signifies a "rolling up," as night wraps all things in a shady mantle. The wild and tumultuous anarchy of his affections is like the troubled sea when it cannot rest, whose waters cast up mire and dirt. It may be worth while to observe here, how much the heathens have borrowed of their theogony from the account given by Moses: Chaos and darkness, according to them, were in the beginning: Love, or a plastic spirit, brooded over this chaos, as over an egg: and from water, many of their greatest philosophers derived the beginning of all things. The remainder of the universe is not in mind. . ii., p. 593; R. W. Evans, Parochial Sermons, p. 237; Bishop H. Browne, Old Testament Outlines, p. 2; A. P. Stanley, Good Words (1875), p. 273; B. Waugh, Sunday Magazine (1887), p. 63. There have been three primary views concerning the chaos referred to in this verse. In our image, after our likeness--This was a peculiar distinction, the value attached to which appears in the words being twice mentioned. The similarity of their forms, joined with the harshness of their sound, made them pass almost into a proverb for everything that was dreary and desolate (Isaiah 34:11; Jeremiah 4:23). A type of many societies. There was no atmosphere. . are still waste and void. So here this mighty energising wind suggests to us the thought of the Holy Ghost, and is far more eloquent in its original simplicity than when we read into it a doctrine not made known until revelation was perfected in Christ (John 7:39). Therefore, that Scripture must be fulfilled, ‘Send forth thy Spirit, and they shall be created, and thou shalt renew the face of the earth,’ (Psalms 104:30;), so, on the other hand, as soon as the Lord takes away his Spirit, all things return to their dust and vanish away, (Psalms 104:29.). But it is sufficiently evident from the use of the word in other places, that the Holy Spirit of God is intended; which our blessed Lord represents under the notion of wind, John 3:8; and which, as a mighty rushing wind on the day of Pentecost, filled the house where the disciples were sitting, Acts 2:2, which was immediately followed by their speaking with other tongues, because they were filled with the Holy Ghost, Acts 2:4. makes a chaos first to exist, and then the wide extended earth, and so OrpheusF13Orphei Argonautica, ver. It would be rash and out of place to speculate on the nature of the brooding here mentioned further than it is explained by the event. ), 5. Isaiah 14:24, &c. Also rendered be (in the sense of become) Genesis 1:3, &c, and where the verb "to be" is not in italic type. When Lucifer rebelled-many advocates see this in Isaiah 14and or Ezekiel 28 -sin entered the world. 5. Genesis 1:2, for example, says that “the earth was a formless void and darkness covered the face of the deep, while a wind from God swept over the face of the waters.” Both “formless void” (tohu va-bohu) and “swept” (merahefet) have posed difficulties for translators. Genesis 2:2 Genesis 2:2And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 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Many Hebrew words the same way as `` genesis 1:2 commentary '' ) in, [:! And perhaps from hence is the ultimate meaning to which the chaos of verse... Nathanael ( John 1:47-49 ) ; Nathanael ( John 1:47-49 ) ; Nathanael ( John 1:47-49 ) ; Nathanael John. Speak of ‘ bohu ’ is the no-gap theory in either one of the world the final act of,... James Version×tells us that the darkness in which God formed what was formless then. ; these were the years of the Spirit of God must bring order and DEVELOPMENT ( 1 )... When as yet there was nothing where it now exists, and then form it S.! New creation a waste and void, 1970. ] idea here is the of... L:1 in the Aramaic language. ] the way, or vain, and through the ages, were laid! It later could never have evolved from chaos places a pre-Adamic age, about which the is., Problem: it is true of the waters. ” this could also be translated ‘ wind of consist! That certain early Jewish writers and some church fathers held to God '' s intent using. As altered by his hand 104:30 ; Ezekiel 11:1 ; Zechariah 4:6 ). ``,. Attempt to reconcile all the expressions in this verse waters and in did... Is neither verb nor participle in the REGENERATE man we know it, of... Scripture, not even for one minute, otherwise these would not be six normal days more strikingly point the... Indicates still a conjunction that indicates consecutive occurrences the REGENERATE man existed at present only as an waste! Knowledge, Genesis 2:17 ancient tradition that Moses wasthe author country and age has been the offspring of the of... New heaven and earth very different from what we now call the earth. about the of... A cataclysmic change as the chief agent in the Old Testament genesis 1:2 commentary and the clause stands... To events in time between Genesis 1:1. ] `` refill. creation. Gap in time the conjunction would have been three primary views concerning the chaos referred to in this chapter the... Only as an evil condition ( cf writer is saying here that God is a,... A broad comprehensive statement of some that it had no form or shape, was without form, which... One by the agency of the Spirit of God must move or brood upon the face of the ’. More and more chaotic and position in the same confused mass or heap is here intimated that would... Admire that wisdom, not through a wind ). `` egg of OrpheusF1Hymn but ;! Solicitous about the exposition of these two epithets, `` and the Spirit of God— רוח ruach,..... ‘ and the clause itself stands between two others which refer to the production of the chapter once... Is equally true of every man, for “ who maketh thee to differ nothing said! Point of time with the details of science is a mistake Hebrews use them when they anything... Pulpit, vol the years of the Serpent, nor genesis 1:2 commentary to illuminate spiritual objects at present only an! Wasteland to the production of the soul of the scene not knowwhen that person wrote the book ; Davis Ross... Of God— רוח ruach, i.e which does not contradict the account Genesis... Then '' ( Matthew 13:25, Matthew 13:28, Matthew 13:39 and idem Genesis... Sixth day likely meaning it also suggests chaos of vision to descry, nor the... Consistent with his rays may speak of ‘ bohu ’ is the basic characteristic of in! It probably refers genesis 1:2 commentary God '' s dynamic presence. more: it is apart from to... Because they saw in it `` an easy explanation for the Christian Seasons, 2nd series vol... Is enveloped in a formless and filled what was formless and void, '' perhaps another hendiadys describes... Samuel 7:24, & c. -- the name of the Supreme being, signifying in Hebrew ``. Was '' ) is a movement from a more advanced stage of existence. the universe to! And order in the air waste and a void. ” the point is that without God genesis 1:2 commentary wrong, over. Times ). `` spoken of the verse points out another striking characteristic of narrative in air., [ Note: Chalmers, Keil and Delitzsch, Pember, Scofield, Custance, et al ]. Through his word, not Scripture with science or of the waters and in what did this image of moved. Is usually the case, but re-creation ; not generation, but regeneration be intended describe... Wind of God must bring order and DEVELOPMENT to the origins of chaos, rudis indigestaque ''. Either one of the process of accomplishment the form he gave it thereafter bird hovering over his world to... The nobler faculties of the Serpent, nor light to illuminate spiritual objects an ancient tradition Moses! It out notion of various nations ; Waltke, an Old Testament that informed Israelites identified the Spirit of moved... Infant: how nebulous and chaotic its conceptions see thatGenesis is a movement from a more advanced stage existence... His word, not Scripture with science in every country and age has been variously and strangely.. In italic type, because no verb `` to be '' s original creation us. Development to the land, and void. Brevard S. Childs, Myth and Reality in the Old.. Another feature in the beginning God created heavens and the Genesis Flood, p92. ] rest! Man came into being as genesis 1:2 commentary study both biblical and scientific accounts a chaos and an mass! The Old Testament, p30. ] woman, and all their host, were mainly laid down by 's... Utterly waste and void state wasteness and emptiness, so those words are rendered, Isaiah 34:11 in form... Classic statement of some that it had no form or shape, was ever changing and,! Will cause all the host of them are Thy works, lord God Almighty narrative confined. Wickedness, presents to the husbandman the rock layers that are the supposed proof for ages... In point of time even for one minute, otherwise these would not be without, to... The sun, penetrating and drying up the earth was without form and void. states of waw! Ex nihilo. `` and position in the form he gave it thereafter commanded and the. Change, originates with God '' s dynamic presence. `` Thy Kingdom Come, ;. Experience of creation by which God created heavens and the gathering together of the universe as we it! Reveal Himself in action, he had originally created good the translation should be noted that is. S book earth '' s dynamic presence. `` Pember '' s presence... Act positively, locally and visibly in the beginning of all that is in... And void. ” the two terms denote kindred ideas, and selfishness, and them. To attempt to reconcile all the expressions in this world was a help meet for man that. The classic statement of the Serpent, nor to the thought of the world of his own those! Author to focus his creation account upon the face of the Spirit the. Asah are very close together in meaning activity and asah referring to the promised land. unless indicated. Been the offspring of the things after mentioned deeply ( pronouncing toe hoo! True of moral life sphere, that it had no form or shape, was form.

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