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Abell, a Quaker, was a manager with the Royal Cork Institution, and was also head of its antiquities department. Abell became something of an authority on ogham stones, and introduced a transcript of ogham to the amazement of attendees at the proceedings of the Cork Cuverian Society in 1836. Each piece of the Ogham Collection features the inscription UCC in the most ancient of scripts, the Ogham script, and draws its inspiration from the largest collection of ancient Ogham Stones on display in Ireland, housed in the famous Stone Corridor. We shall leave the final say on the inscription and the stone’s origins, to the public notice which today adjoins Tullig More ogham stone: MAQI LAS?OG, B/M [ ]TTM [ ]CGE EGS [ ] MVV [ ] ?/M With the exception of one all are from County Cork. Ogham stones are routinely discovered forming part of church structures. Windele (1839) and Power (1932) both stated it was impossible speculating as to the original inscription. The picture above shows the corridor as it is today, bleak and grey. Three ogham stones from Rooves More, in neighbouring Ovens parish, were not so fortunate, having crossed the Irish Sea under the stewardship of General Augustus Henry Lane-Fox Pitt Rivers, and ended up in the British Museum. Another clue as to the origins of the Coolineagh ogham stone may lie in the inscription. UCC is proud to be ranked in the top 2% of universities in the world. Over time, site usage and boundaries changed, with the central part of the site becoming a place of worship, having a stone church, and surrounded by a defined graveyard. The cloisters contain a collection of Ogham Stones illustrating an early coded form of the Irish language. The collection of 28 Ogam stones at UCC represents the largest collection of Ogam inscriptions on open display in Ireland. As for the Coolineagh ogham stone, clues exist which suggest it may have been associated or connected with the early ecclesiastical site at Aghabullogue, within which it was found. They are from about 3 to 19 feet high. Letters represented by grooves and notches record simple genealogical statements of the period 300-600 AD. The Windele papers and other manuscripts in the Royal Irish Academy library in Dublin contain field notes, correspondence and other details on ogham stones, composed by Windele, Abell, Horgan and other antiquarians. University College Cork Coláiste na hOllscoile Corcaigh. They may be commemorative, even in the absence of burials, or they may have been used as boundary markers. Ogham comprises a set of twenty or so letters of the Latin alphabet, transcribed into incisions and notches made on the corner edge of a quarried slab of stone. Many scholars believe that the Ogham alphabet is related to the Latin alphabet. In 1832, the RCI had taken possession of the old Custom House (now the Crawford Art Gallery on Emmet Place), and this would become a new home for the Coolineagh ogham stone, until it was transferred years later to University College Cork (formerly Queen’s College, Cork). It was an ogham stone and an item of antiquity, judging by the notches along its edges. Perhaps, in a way, it is fitting the ogham stone of Coolineagh should finally reside here ‘where Finbarre taught’, close to the alleged monastical site of St Finbarre in Cork, having come here from the mid-Cork ecclesiastical site of his friend and confessor, St Eolang of Aghabullogue. Although damaged, there could be no doubt. He collected and donated many items to the Institution. The inscription, however, is mutilated, and consequently of little value. With a collection that was started in 1861, UCC has the largest collection of Ogham stones on open display in Ireland. It is also perhaps worth noting, for what it is worth, that Macalister contended nearby St Olan’s stone also contained the word ‘ANM’ in its inscription. Suggested purposes vary … stones could have acted as memorials or grave-markers; were sometimes associated with pilgrimages; occasionally were territorial markers; or could signify land ownership. The Ogham stones refer to stone monuments inscribed with messages from ancient Celtic tribes. UCC's collection of Ogham Stones in the North Wing of the Quadrangle is the result of the activity of antiquarian collectors, mainly in the 19th century. (National Library of Ireland / Flickr) Ogham was the only writing system in Ireland from 400 to 700 AD, which coincided with the Roman Empire. Today it forms part of a stone collection at University College Cork, and is known as the Coolineagh ogham stone. Macalister (1945) examined the stone and was of the opinion that the inscription read ANM NETACUNAS CELI VIDETTAS. Ogham inscriptions are read from the side, from the bottom upwards, and sometimes extend across the top of a stone and down the other side. This stone has been evidently dressed by some Gothic mason, in constructing the church – a work of the last century. Business and Enterprise. Clonmore). The republished version of Windele’s book in 1849 refers to four ogham stones, implying Coolineagh ogham stone had taken its place in the museum. Even though the the Ogham stones are ex-situ, time would eventually destroy any Ogham text that has existed over the hundreds of years. As to exactly when the ogham stone was incorporated into Aghabullogue church is unclear, but according to Brady (1863) the church was built around the 1690s and was ‘thoroughly repaired’ by 1828. Cork City and Region. Ogham stones … Visit UCC. The Ogham stones varied in height from 1.0 to upto 3.0m, markings (ogham letters) also varied from relative small scratches and cut marks to open rounded grooves. Horgan, along with Windele, Abell and other antiquarians in the South Munster Antiquarian Society, would engage in systematic excursions around Cork, Kerry and wider parts of Munster, seeking out items and sites of interest, particularly ogham stones. One of the most important collections of orthodox ogham inscriptions in Ireland can be seen in University College Cork (UCC) on public display in 'The Stone Corridor'. Windele states: A fourth Ogham stone has been added to the singular collection at the Cork Institution, by William Hill, Esq. These are ancient gravestones, each one marking the burial place of a distinguished person in a Celtic tribe, a chieftain or a bard, and date from the second or third century of the Christian era - the period before Saint Patrick came to Ireland. UCC is an award-winning university with a history of independent thinking stretching back over 170 years. Some Ogham Stones were removed and re-used at various times - for example, lintels in early medieval underground passages called Sousterrains. I knew very little about the existence of the Ogham alphabet until I was kindly given a leaflet at the UCC shop. The messages are all in Ogham, which is the earliest form of Irish language. Ogham is an alphabet which was traditionally used to write Primitive Irish ~1,600 years ago, the earliest known form of Gaelic. By far the most surprising and worthwhile feature of the campus is the free exhibition of several stones that preserve the earliest examples of writing in Ireland, known collectively as the Ogham stones. Today all three ogham stones grace the Stone Corridor at the Quad in UCC, and keep each other close and silent company. The collection also contains a medieval stone 'quern' (for milling grain), a cross-slab from the early medieval period and a cup-marked stone - of debateable function - some three to four thousand years old. At least at UCC these ogham stones are relatively nearby, and are accessible at no charge to the public. In cases where the ogham stones have been discovered since the Corpus the stone will be found under the site name (e.g. These may be of interest, and could hold additional information on the Coolineagh ogham stone. With St Olan’s stone in such close proximity, there is the possibility the Coolineagh ogham stone stood or originated nearby, in the early Christian period, only to end up as part of a church structure centuries later. University College Cork (UCC): See Ogham Stones in UCC - See 938 traveler reviews, 344 candid photos, and great deals for Cork, Ireland, at Tripadvisor. College Road, Cork T12 K8AF +353 (0)21 490 3000; Location; What is significant about them is that they are testimony of the arrival of the use of Latin, spread by the Roman Empire as far as Great Britain, and via cultural exchange in Ireland. The stone was subsequently removed and transported to Cork city. Ogham Stone, Ardmore, County Waterford, Ireland Ardmore translates into Irish as Árd Mór, which means ‘Great Height’. The college is looking for planning permission to re-locate the 28 Ogham stones as part of a conservation project.The stones originate mainly from Kerry and parts of Cork and date back from the 5th and 7th centuries. Note: please also see our article Journey of an ogham stone: from Aghabullogue to UCC (part 2). University College Cork (UCC): Collection of Ogham stones - See 938 traveler reviews, 344 candid photos, and great deals for Cork, Ireland, at Tripadvisor. Campus Life. Windele was no stranger to Aghabullogue, having procured an ogham stone from Glounaglogh, Rylane during the 1830s, which had spent time serving as a lintel in a pig-sty. Linguistically, ogham is dated from the early centuries AD/CE, to about the eight century AD/CE, and was in use before and after the arrival of Christianity to Ireland. Part of the original oval-shaped boundary of this ecclesiastical site still exists, and is bisected by a public road. It comprised groups of lines or notches, generally found on standing stones, forming inscriptions cut along or across their vertical edges. UCC has several architecturally interesting buildings, most notably around the Main Quadrangle. Some might contend that archaeological items such as these should be kept, returned to, or displayed in their place of origin. This would possibly place the Coolineagh ogham stone within the Christian era, and after the establishment of Aghabullogue as an ecclesiastical site. This marked the first time that Irish was written down. The Ogham stones are located in the stone corridor of the main quadrangle at the University. It’s completely free and open to anyone who would like to visit. Ogham was not a single, fixed system and the surviving stones show modifications, as new symbols were invented and older ones were lost. University College Cork (UCC): See Ogham Stones in UCC - See 938 traveler reviews, 344 candid photos, and great deals for Cork, Ireland, at Tripadvisor. We decided on the Ogham Stone collection in the Stone Corridor of the Quad in UCC. Ogham expert R.A.S. Another ogham stone stands within the graveyard, a few metres away from the church site. Its origins can be traced to an ecclesiastical site, said to be associated with St Olan (or Eolang), the patron saint of Aghabullogue and confessor to St Finbarre of Cork. Using this translation, it is possible to read the Ogham script, from the bottom of the stone up. The book of Ballymote gives a key to the translation of inscriptions. Ogham as a script reproduced the sounds of early Irish, and was possibly influenced by Latin in the early centuries AD/CE. Fr Matthew Horgan, parish priest of Blarney, was another antiquarian interested in ogham, and participated with Abell in a lecture on ogham, given to the Cork Literary & Scientific Society during the late 1830s. Today it forms part of a stone collection at University College Cork, and is known as the Coolineagh ogham stone. Embedded into the church wall was a long, narrow stone. It was to this part of the Waterford coast that St Declan was miraculously guided, on a return voyage from Wales some time during the 5th century. Leadership and Strategy. Centre for Continuing Professional Development. As such, they are frequently described as 'grave markers', although no evidence (eg: associated burials) of this function has been found by archaeologists. At some point, Coolineagh ogham stone was incorporated into the structure of the old church, where it was to remain until demolition of the church in 1838. What’s Your Name in Ogham? They would have stood in open country across the south and southwest of Ireland. It is unclear whether these individuals, or any other antiquarians, travelled out to Aghabullogue to view the ogham stone, when taken from the demolished church, but they certainly would have examined it closely, following the stone’s transportation to Cork city. The inscriptions were collected by antiquarian Abraham Abell 1783–1851 and were deposited in the … He gathered around him a group of scholars and methodically researched the new languages which were being spoken by the dispersed builders of the tower. Windele wasn’t slow either to sing the praises of Abell or indeed his own, stating: The institution is distinguished beyond any other, by the possession of four of those ancient monumental stones inscribed in Ogham … the institution is indebted for these rare monuments, to the zeal and research of Mr. Abraham Abell of Cork, and the author of the present work, who have by their labours, in this instance, it is hoped, contributed to set at rest the questio vexata of letters in Ireland, before its conversion to christianity. They are also to be found in Cornwall in southwest England, and in southwest Wales. Each piece of the Ogham Collection features the inscription UCC in the most ancient of scripts, the Ogham script, and draws its inspiration from the largest collection of ancient Ogham Stones on display in Ireland, housed in the famous Stone Corridor. Windele’s 1839 publication refers to three ogham stones in the RCI’s possession at its museum. There it came into the possession of the Royal Cork Institution (RCI), an educational centre and cultural institution founded in the early 1800s, for which a Royal Charter issued in 1807. Research was in its infancy, but at the forefront were leading Cork antiquarians John Windele, Abraham Abell and Fr Matthew Horgan. Ogham stones are mainly an Irish phenomenon, and common in counties Cork and Kerry. Experience 19th century Ireland ravaged by The Great Famine, with UCC’s ‘Án Bothán’ a replica of a famine cabin or ‘mud hut’, inhabited by Ireland’s poorest families. I recently had the pleasure of re-visiting University College Cork (UCC) as part of the Golden Jubilee commemoration of my graduation in 1966. In the quick search option at the top of the page, ogham stones can be searched for using either the CIIC number or … Ogham (pronounced Om) is the earliest form of writing in Ireland, it dates to around 4th century A.D. and was in use for around 500 years. Kilgrovan VI and Kilgrovan VII). Ogham Stones. Journey of an ogham stone: from Aghabullogue to UCC (part 1), Journey of an ogham stone: from Aghabullogue to UCC (part 2), Áth an Ridire and the ‘Battle of Mullinhassig’, Marching As To War – The Men of Coachford and Aghabullogue Parish 1914-1918, In a country churchyard – Christchurch, Magourney, The Trafalgar monument at Carrignamuck, Coachford, It said in the papers: April 1920 in Aghabullogue parish, Journey of an ogham stone: from Aghabullogue to UCC (part 2), http://www.corkarchives.ie/media/RCIweb.pdf, https://www.ucc.ie/en/discover/visit/centre/stone-corridor/, Cork City & County Archives, Royal Cork Institution descriptive list, William Hill, Dictionary of Irish Architects 1720-1950. A few stones also show Christian influence, bearing carved crosses and the Primitive Irish word KOI , which is thought to be a translation of the Christian Latin burial formula hic iacit or ‘here lies’. Ironically, the RCI was instrumental in the establishment of the College, during the 1840s. Definitely worth a look Those with Christian associations are the earliest evidence of Christianity in Ireland. Archaeologists place Ogham Stones in the date-range of the 4th to the 8th centuries AD, so an approximate average age may be 1500 years. They show that Irish and Latin existed side by side, probably only in religious establishments such as monasteries, at the time of the emergence of Christianity in Ireland. An ogham stone near Killala, County Mayo, c. 1890, that reads MAQCORBRIMAQAMLOITT, or “son of Corbi, son of Amliott,” thought to commemorate the grandson Amhalgaidh, from whom Killala gets its name. I knew very little about the existence of the Ogham alphabet until I was kindly given a leaflet at the UCC shop. A collection of Ogham stones originally from Kerry are to be re-housed in a permanent state of the art display at university college cork. In 1838, workmen under the direction of architect William Hill were demolishing the old church in Aghabullogue graveyard, when they made a significant discovery. Ogham stones are mainly an Irish phenomenon, and common in counties Cork and Kerry. For years he managed its museum affairs (which included ‘curiosities’ such as fossils, shells, coins, geological items and antiquities such as ogham stones). The stone corridor of the Main Quadrangle is home to the largest collection of Ogham Stones, on public display in Ireland. The college is looking for planning permission to re-locate the 28 Ogham stones as part of a conservation project. Imagine this corridor with lights, material-beautifully dyed and hanging behind the stones, fairies, folklore and all things mystical. Ogham stones held in iron bands at UCC The Scythian King Fénius Farsaid lived at the time of the building of the Tower of Babel – some stories suggest that he had a hand in its construction. Even though the the Ogham stones are ex-situ, time would eventually destroy any Ogham text that has existed over the hundreds of years. UCC UCC Ogham Stone Collection Collection-- Clicking on the number on each Ogham stone will bring up more pictures and information on each Ogham stone In Windele’s time, ogham stones were regarded by many as having an almost mystical quality, and little was known about them. The stones originate mainly form Kerry and parts of … If the reading of ‘ANM’ can at least be held as true, then this would have great relevance, as that particular word is a feature of ogham stones largely confined to Cork and Kerry, and dating towards the end of the period when ogham stones were being erected. McManus (1991) slated Macalister’s reading, calling it a rash reconstruction and not to be trusted. The Ogam (Ogham) Stones Collection in UCC is the largest collection of such inscriptions on open display in Ireland. Noted Cork antiquarian John Windele gives details of the stone’s discovery in his 1839 publication Historical and descriptive notices of the city of Cork and its vicinity, Gougan Barra, Glengariff, and Killarney. Such practice was not unusual. The Ogham alphabet was applied to wood, bone, amber, gold, silver and lead. There are 54 of these stones in Great Britain—10 in Scotland, and 44 in Wales and Devonshire. The affairs of the RCI have long since ceased and Coolineagh ogham stone was ultimately transferred to University College Cork (formerly Queen’s College, Cork). Discover UCC. When you arrive on the campus just make your way to the Main Quadrangle Building. Inscriptions often take the form of names, with a first name followed by a father’s name and/or that of a more distant ancestor. UCC's collection of Ogham Stones in the North Wing of the Quadrangle is the result of the activity of antiquarian collectors, mainly in the 19th century. Aghabullogue graveyard is a place with connections to Christianity for some 1400 years. They would have stood in open country across the south and southwest of Ireland. Ogham stones … Since the 19th century the stones have been housed in UCC’c stone corridor. However, prior damage caused to the stone, probably due to its use as a building item, renders an exact reading extremely difficult. They were also used as roof lintels within souterrains of medieval ringforts. In this guide Damian McManus places the stones in their literary, linguistic and archaeological context, and discusses the origins of Ogam, its distribution, execution and significance. ; who in taking down the old unsightly church of Ahabullog in 1838, discovered it imbedded in the wall, of which it formed a part. Keeping it company are its colleague from Glounaglogh and another Aghabullogue ogham stone, discovered in the townland of Tullig More. The stone was subsequently removed and transported to Cork city. ACR Heritage – who we are, what we do, etc. Thanks to JP Quinn (Head of UCC Vistor’s Centre) for showing me around and giving me a tour. The UCC collection was started in 1861 and the last stone was added in 1945. They are also to be found in Cornwall in southwest England, and in southwest Wales. Most scripts conform to a pattern incorporating genealogical descent - for example (in Latin) "X son of Y" and other social elements such as "of the tribe Z". One decade later Lewis (1837) was describing the church as a ‘small dilapidated structure’, about to be rebuilt by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners. UCC Ogham Stone Collection -- Clicking ON the thumbnail picture will load up a 1024x780 version of that picture with information on each Ogham stone Ancient Ireland Home: University College Cork Ogham Stone Collection . It was an ogham stone and an item of antiquity, judging by the notches along its edges. A key to its translation was discovered in a medieval religious text. They are part of an exhibition called 'Stories in Stone' which can be viewed free of charge in the Stone Corridor of the historic Main Quadrangle Building. As it is known only from fragments inscribed on stone, it is impossible to accurately translate all names, words and phrases into Primitive Irish and then into ogham. The Stone Corridor provides a covered walkway westwards from the Aula Maxima corridor, under the main arch, and southwards to the end of the West Wing. Visitors can also visit UCC’s Ogham Stone collection; ancient quarried slabs of stone illustrating an early coded form of the Irish language. These stones span the period of conversion to Christianity. ‘St Olan’s stone’ according to Brash (1879) was held in great veneration and had a moveable cap, the Caipin (or Coppeen) Olan which was occasionally borrowed, and believed to be a talisman, particularly in cases of childbirth. 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