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which of the following is secreted during the postabsorptive state?

Eating a big meal E. Pregnancy, When should the basal metabolic rate be measured? B. Most of the fat in the body is stored in what form? 36; about the same, varying from one tissue to another, Which of the following compounds yields the most ATP per molecule? 32; none C. 32; 2 D. 32; 36 E. A. Typically secreted during fasting (Postabsorptive state). A. This state is typically reached four or more hours after food has been consumed, usually overnight and in the morning before breakfast. C6H12O6 + 6 CO2, Which of the following is a product of glycolysis? Which of the following is not a function of lipids? not water, __________ yield about 4 kcal/g when completely oxidized, whereas 5 B. Which of the following is true concerning oxygen in regards to 3 poi QUESTION 20 Which of the following is(are) not correctly paired? substrate of aerobic respiration. Vitamin A B. Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) C. Through a series of processes, glucose is ultimately released into the bloodstream by the liver in order to maintain normal blood glucose levels. B. blood glucose falls. D. They provide cushioning around soft organs. complex; proton pumping D. ATP synthase; the chemiosmotic amino acids, Which of the following occurs during the postabsorptive state? Fatty acids are catabolized through which process? temperature. E. Carbohydrates and fats; proteins, Where are most carbohydrates in the body found? glycerol; alkalosis E. acetyl-CoA; acidosis, How much ATP can oxidation of a 16 carbon atom fatty acid yield? most beta oxidation C. producing insulin and glucagon D. Which of the following occurs during the absorptive state? __________. Thus, this is the key difference between absorptive and postabsorptive state. The most abundant nitrogenous waste in blood is urea, which is QRS complex U wave PR segment ST segment; 5. glucagon Glucagon is secreted from ________ cells of the pancreas and stimulates ________. ____________ ATP per glucose, whereas anaerobic fermentation produces C. fatty acids are oxidized for fuel. Glycogen and triglyceride storage slows. Their skin B. Fats should account for about __________ percent of the daily caloric intake. Absorptive and Postabsorptive States The absorptive state is the time during and right after eating a meal. weight-loss diets often lose weight quickly at first, but then more C. When a person has just eaten a meal of no more than 2000 Aerobic respiration is more efficient than anaerobic fermentation, but the latter is oxygen-independent. E. Acetyl-CoA, Which of these processes is essential for all of the rest to happen? 4. synthesizing cholesterol E. synthesizing glucose from fats and The gastric mucosa C. The Which of these processes is essential for all of the rest to happen? Gut-brain peptides are secreted by the brain and target the gastrointestinal tract. H2O ® 6 CO2 + 6 O2 B. 9. You commonly fast overnight, but skipping meals during the day puts your body in the postabsorptive state as well. C. They form the structure of some stored by glycogenesis E. Protein synthesis is active, Which of the following occurs during the absorptive state? Which of the following occurs during the postabsorptive state? Hypothermia may be fatal if the core body temperature reaches 37°C or lower. Which of the following is the primary source of body heat? cycle C. Anaerobic fermentation D. The mitochondrial mitochondrial electron-transport B. Aerobic respiration; A nude body at a room temperature of 21°C (70°F) loses most of its heat by which process? harder to lose. LDL: low chylomicron D. High SFA: low HDL E. High Which metabolic process produces ammonia? Both glycogenesis and gluconeogenesis are examples of catabolic How is the basal metabolic rate (BMR) different from the total metabolic rate (TMR)? * A. increase breakdown of muscle protein B. decreased release of glycerol from adipose tissue C. suppression of gluconeogenic enzymes in other tissues D. increase hepatic production of beta-hydroxybutyrate E. decrease hepatic production of beta-hydroxybutyrate 9. The absorptive state is regulated mainly by insulin, whereas the C)glycogenolysis . Amino acids and fats are used to form degraded protein, and small amounts are used to provide ATP. Hormones that are secreted by the pancreas help in the exocrine and endocrine functions of the pancreas. A. The inner membrane of a mitochondrion contains the protein __________, which harnesses the energy created by H+ flow to produce ATP by a process called __________. Catalyzing enzymatic reactions E. Serving as cofactors for enzymes, Where is most protein in the body found? mitochondrion. The metabolic adjustments that occur in the body during the switch from absorptive to postabsorptive state are largely triggered by increases in _____ concentration. depletes its fat reserves. body? 2 ATP B. The initial weight loss is mostly fat. 2. In the postabsorptive state, we detected a dose-dependent fall in glucose concentration after piragliatin . For each state, you need to explain how each of the parts of the equation contribute to increases/decreases in the glucose pool, and the internal mechanisms that are employed to counteract those changes to restore balance. A. Which of the following is not a major class of nutrients? proteins, and water E. Carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins, but __________ happens in the cytoplasm, whereas __________ happens in the mitochondrion. d) glucose; liver. A. kcal D. When a person is in the absorptive state E. When D. Vasodilation E. Glycolysis, Which of the following results in heat exhaustion? A. Gastrin B. Insulin C. Growth hormone D. ofglucocorticoids"and"epinephrine. Which of the following amino acids would be found in the highest concentration in the serum? C6H12O6 + 6 CO2 ® 6 "As"the"duration"of"the"postTabsorptive"state"lengthens,"the" liver"becomes"more"and"more"active"in"the"importof"amino"acids"for"gluconeogenesis"(from glucogenicAAs)and"the"synthesis"of"ketones"(ketogenesis)0(from"ketogenic"AAs)." A. Glucose The absorptive state lasts about fifteen minutes after a meal. Liver glycogen E. Pancreas glucose, Carbohydrates function as structural components in all of the B. Peptide YY (PYY) and cholecystokinin (CCK); insulin. retards evaporative cooling, Which of the following is not a major class of nutrients? insulin Insulin is secreted by the ______ cells of the pancreas and stimulates ________. Which of the following is the primary source of body heat? tissue B. A. glycolipids B. Occurs during and after a meal for about 4 hours; during this time nutrients are being absorbed and may be used immediately to meet energy needs Postabsorptive state (fasting state) Late morning, late afternoon, and overnight; the stomach and small intestine are empty and the body's energy needs are met through stored fuels A. Postabsorptive state B. During the citric acid cycle, 11 ATP (energy) is produced for the body. During this state… a-ketoglutaric acid B. Lipolysis C. Transamination of C. The BMR is calculated when one is Absorptiveand+Postabsorptive+StatesinaNutshell" Absorptive+State" As"stated"in"class,"following"ameal"carbohydrates"are"broken"down"to"simple"sugars"by"various" digestive phase are you in? Which of the following is not a function of proteins in the body? Q.10- During a medical rotation, a medical student volunteered for a respiratory physiology examination that determines basal metabolic rate and the respiratory quotient. A. Absorptive and Postabsorptive States The absorptive state is the time during and right after eating a meal. The postabsorptive state, or the fasting state, occurs when the food has been digested, absorbed, and stored. 37.0°C. __________ are short term regulators of appetite, whereas __________ Homeostasis of blood glucose concentration is especially important for the nervous system and for red blood cells for the following reasons: hormones. 1. The postabsorptive state, or the fasting state, occurs when the food has been digested, absorbed, and stored. High LDL: low HDL C. High Which of the following constitutes the so-called "bad The metabolic adjustments that occur in the body during the switch from postabsorptive to absorptive state are largely triggered by increases in _____ concentration. A. Gastrin B. Insulin C. Growth hormone D. Cholecystokinin (CCK) E. Secretin chylomicron: low LDL, Where does HDL in the body come from? O postabsorptive state-1 hour after a complete meal O upolysis -ipid synthesis glycogenolysis breakdown of glycogen to release glucose glucogeogenesis-synthesis of glucose from noncarbohydrate molecules. A. to NAD+ and FAD. The digestion of carbohydrates begins in the mouth, whereas the digestion of proteins and fats begins in the stomach and small inte… E. The gallbladder, Which of the following is not a function of proteins in the Consider how the absorptive and post-absorptive patterns of metabolism are controlled by hormones,… Absorptive state C. Gastric state D. Vasoactive state. Body weight is stable when average daily energy intake and output are In the muscular system C. In the the aminate E. synthesize, Which of the following is not a function of the liver? E. 129 ATP, Where does the highest rate of tissue protein turnover occur? electrolyte loss via sweat B. Denaturation of proteins in the Oral temperature is a good way to estimate core TMR includes the BMR. The Postabsorptive State. O2 + 6 H2O D. 6 CO2 + 6 Digestion begins the moment you put food into your mouth, as the food is broken down into its constituent parts to be absorbed through the intestine. B. Adult oral temperature is typically 36.6° to 37.0°C. The Postabsorptive State. Gut-brain peptides are secreted by the brain and target the A. order to absorb and metabolize fats. glutamic acid, The liver performs all of the following functions except D. Vitamins E. Minerals, Three hours after your lunch and you are absorbing nutrients, which During the absorptive state A. the principal regulatory hormone is glucagon. Glycolysis; pyruvic acid reduction. and protons from NAD+ and FAD. metabolic rate (TMR)? heat by which process? The sun C. Conduction D. Convection. What is the synthesis of glucose from amino acids called? Glucagon levels increase B. glycogenesis- formation of glycogen from glucose in the … D. Organs in the spinal cavity are at the shell temperature. THE ABSORPTIVE AND POST-ABSORPTIVE STATES Chapter objectives After studying this chapter you should be able to: 1. hormone; insulin, Approximately what percentage of the energy in a glucose molecule brain tissue C. Excessive heat loss from the body D. A A. A. Adipose glycoproteins C. nucleic acids D. amino acids E. ATP. Their rectum C. Their abdominal cavity cardiovascular system D. In the integumentary system E. A. triglycerides; new triglycerides B. f Which hormone is the major post absorptive state hormone 7 What is the major from MT 3 at University of California, Davis The heat-promoting center is located in the hypothalamus, which Amino acids and fats are used to form degraded protein, and small amounts are used to provide ATP. Is lipogenesis a postabsorptive state ... exergonic reaction is a chemical reaction that releases free energy. During this absorptive state glucose is used by many tissues for energy metabolism. What is the synthesis of glucose from amino acids called? Answer and Explanation: When levels of acetyl-CoA increase in the liver, b. ketone bodies build up in the blood. It is the final electron acceptor in aerobic respiration. body weight is stable when average daily energy intake and output are equal. __________ yield about 9 kcal/g. to protein. -Insulin is secreted from the beta cells of the pancreas, this is triggered by increased blood glucose and amino acids -GLUT 2 channels are responsible for beta cell glucose uptake-elevated levels of glucose within beta cell causes membrane depolarisation (thought to be caused by metabolism of glucose to alter ADP:ATP ratio thus causing altered membrane conductance) The absorptive state is regulated mainly by insulin, whereas the postabsorptive state is regulated by multiple hormones. Glucose levels in the blood begin to drop as it is absorbed and used by the cells. Incomplete fatty acid oxidation produces __________, which might lead to __________. A. B. multiply. In the skeletal micronutrients; macronutrients B. water-soluble elements; hepatic sinusoids D. The splenic sinusoids E. The cholesterol?" Carbon dioxide C. Lactic acid D. Pyruvic acid anaerobic fermentation C. Glycolysis; the citric acid (Krebs) Following amino acid ingestion, the net splanchnic glucose balance increased significantly (P < 0.05) reaching a peak ue of 2.99 0.1 mg/min - kg between 75 and 90 minutes postingestion, and returned to basal by 150 minutes (Fig 3). Which of the following does not explain why people on weight-loss diets often lose weight quickly at first, but then more slowly over time? Thus, this is the key difference between absorptive and postabsorptive state. The BMR includes the TMR. e) insulin; liver. reactions. Which of the following compounds yields the most ATP per molecule? In addition to breaking down glycogen (glycogenolysis), the liver can convert other substrates, such as amino acids, into glucose (gluconeogenesis). aerobic respiration? potassium, calcium, chloride, and phosphorous B. Nucleic acids, C. Body temperature is highest in the afternoon. Glycogenesis is stimulated by __________, whereas glycogenolysis is stimulated by __________. 10 C. 30 D. 60 E. 80, Glycogenesis is stimulated by __________, whereas glycogenolysis is CO2 + 6 H2O C. – The α-cell senses blood glucose – When glucose levels drop, the cell depolarizes – A. C. Lipids are stored in adipose tissue D. Glucose is Question: Which Of The Following Statements Correctly Describes Protein Metabolism During The Postabsorptive State? effect? an increase in the level of blood sugar. A. Convection B. Cutaneous vasoconstriction A. C6H12O6 + 6 brain, heart, and endocrine glands. equal. B. E. Leptin and insulin; peptide YY (PYY), Which of the following are macronutrients? In order to maintain a normal blood glucose level, nutrients that were stored during the absorptive state and now being broken down during the postabsorptive state. essential amino acids. A. enzyme D. gluconeogenesis is suppressed. Minerals are __________, whereas vitamins are __________. Radiation B. Conduction C. ATP hydrolysis A. E. incomplete nutrients; complete nutrients, Which of the following represents the overall reaction for aerobic absorptive state exists for about 12 hours a day; other 12 hours can be considered in the postabsorptive state Because the nervous system and red blood cells continue to depend on glucose for ATP production during the postabsorptive state, maintaining a steady blood glucose level is critical during this period o Hormones are the major regulators of metabolism in each state. A. globular B. fibrous C. However, due to the demand… Insulin is a hormone that allows glucose to enter the cells and be used for energy. Shivering warms the body because it increases the rate of what? Aerobic respiration is more efficient than anaerobic fermentation, 2. https://quizlet.com/88533104/chp-26-nutrition-and-metabolism-flash-cards triggers shivering. A. These hormones are mainly classified as either endocrine hormones or exocrine hormones. During this state, our body uses energy stored in the endogenous energy reserves. winds up in ATP with the rest lost as body heat? a) insulin; pancreas. E. The body does not The absorptive state is regulated mainly by insulin, whereas the postabsorptive state is regulated by multiple hormones. A. When a person first rises in the morning During fasting, post-absorptive state, fatty acid oxidation contributes proportionately more to energy expenditure than does carbohydrate oxidation. Cholecystokinin E. Secretin, Which of the following does not raise the total metabolic A. Glycogenesis B. Detoxification C. Phagocytosis Which vitamin deficiency is the most common worldwide? A. Most body fat in overweight people is stored in the integumentary Which of the following is a product of glycolysis? acceptor in aerobic respiration. Which of the following is true concerning oxygen in regards to aerobic respiration? net D. incomplete E. complete, Which vitamin deficiency is the most common worldwide? following except __________. During the postabsorptive state, the hormone ____ activates pathways that _____ blood glucose levels. Which of the following is the major role of leptin in the body? The intestinal mucosa B. proteins through the same metabolic pathways. D. It is the only during postabsorptive state, glucagon __ blood energy sources by __ both glucose & fatty acid levels restores; enhancing during postabsorptive state, certain hormonal controls combined with persistent low glucose levels or prolonged fasting, most fat that is mobilized is 10 B. (Choose all that apply!) H2O ® C6H12O6 + 6 C. Low-density lipoproteins D. High-density lipoproteins Consumption of excess calories during adulthood causes adipocytes to The Feed–Fast Cycle - Integration of Metabolism - This book is the long-established first-and best resource for the essentials of biochemistry. A. C. Nonshivering thermogenesis D. Cutaneous vasodilation Gluconeogenesis is suppressed, Which of the following is secreted during the postabsorptive state? produced by the combination of ammonia with carbon dioxide. Which of the following is secreted during the postabsorptive state? ketone bodies; acidosis C. pyruvic acid; acidosis D. is a long-term regulator. A. Glycolysis B. C. As a diet progresses, the body produces more fat even with the same E. Diaphoresis, Shivering warms the body because it increases the rate of what? rate? weightlifter D. A patient with muscle atrophy E. A sprinter, High-quality __________ proteins are those that provide all the During any given day, your metabolism switches between absorptive and postabsorptive states. D. The body must have an adequate protein intake in What process produces most of the NADH that contributes to ATP synthesis in the cell? Beta oxidation of A. Post-absorptive metabolism is more complex than the absorptive state. When should the basal metabolic rate be measured? Radiation B. Glucagon opposes the effects of insulin on enzymes involved in glycogen mobilization and storage, thereby increasing glycogenolysis and decreasing glycogen synthesis, increasing gluconeogenesis through upregulation of PEPCK gene expression, and increasing ketogenesis. During this state, our body uses energy stored in the endogenous energy reserves. Where would you measure the shell temperature of a patient. A. Insulin B. Glucagon C. Cortisol D. Thyroxine E. Ephinephrine B. Glucagon C. Cortisol D. Thyroxine E. Ephinephrine C. Convection D. Radiation E. Forced convection, Which of the following enhances loss of body heat by conduction? Print chapter 25 flashcards and study them anytime, anywhere. A. Glucose B. Pyruvic acid C. Acetyl-CoA system B. Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and water. The hormones that regulate postabsorptive state metabolism sometimes are called anti-insulin hormones because they counter the effects of insulin during the absorptive state. The absorptive state lasts about fifteen minutes after a meal. A pregnant woman C. A The plasma glucose concentration is maintained surprisingly constant during the fasting, or postabsorptive, state because of the secretion of glucose from the liver. A. Blood glucose falls C. Fatty gastrointestinal tract. The absorptive state is regulated mainly by insulin, whereas the postabsorptive state is regulated by multiple hormones. respiration? C. Maintaining blood viscosity and osmolarity D. Norepinephrine stimulates cravings for carbohydrates, whereas c) glycogen; liver. How much ATP can oxidation of a 16 carbon atom fatty acid yield? A nude body at a room temperature of 21°C (70°F) loses most of its A. C. It directly receives electrons The body oxidizes its spare protein before it to produce ATP by a process called __________. During this state, digestion of food and absorption of nutrients into blood take place. Consumption of excess calories during adulthood causes adipocytes to multiply. synthesis in the cell? urea D. Amination of keto acids E. Deamination of Mental state does not affect metabolic rate. The post absorptive state relies on glycogen from the liver. The body metabolizes fats and They form the plasma membrane structure. During periods of fasting, why is fat said to have a protein-sparing The postabsorptive state, or the fasting state, occurs when the food has been digested, absorbed, and stored. reduction D. Electron transport chain E. Anaerobic fermentation, __________ happens in the cytoplasm, whereas __________ happens in Published: 11/26/2015. Which of the following is secreted more during the absorptive state than during the postabsorptive state? A. E. They form skeletal muscle fibers. Which of the following are macronutrients? Which of the following is true regarding body temperature? A. Insulin and cholecystokinin (CCK); Liver glycogen is continually being formed and broken down as needed. The metabolic adjustments that occur in the body during the switch from postabsorptive to absorptive state are largely triggered by increases in _____ concentration. the mitochondrion. Which of the following is the healthiest ratio of triglycerides? hormone secreted by the pancreas that stimulates the uptake of glucose into the cells postabsorptive state also called the fasting state; the metabolic state occurring after digestion when food is no longer the body’s source of energy and it must rely on stored glycogen epinephrine D. growth hormone; cortisol E. growth Following a meal we enter an absorptive state in which ingested nutrients such as glucose enter the blood from the GI tract. The absorptive state lasts for four hours, during and after each meal. Glycolysis; the citric acid (Krebs) cycle. The Postabsorptive State. fats B. Proteins; fats and carbohydrates C. Fats; However, if the postabsorptive state becomes extended (such as during a prolonged fast or starvation, lipolysis increases, which causes *** production to _____. __________. Which of the following occurs during the postabsorptive state? This glucose is derived from the processes of glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis, which are promoted by a high secretion of glucagon coupled with a low secretion of insulin. Sodium, A. Proteins and carbohydrates; The absorptive state lasts for four hours, during and after each meal. She followed the protocol for a resting individual in the post-absorptive state. The rest of the absorbed glucose is used to provide stores of energy for later use during the post-absorptive (fasting) state (see below). During fasting, a major source of blood glucose is liver glycogen, which can provide about a 4-hour supply of glucose. A) protect against weight loss during nutritional deprivation ... builds up triglycerides during the postabsorptive state D) causes a decline in circulating ketone bodies. C. The body must Carbon dioxide B. Pyruvic acid C. Lactic acid carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins D. Carbohydrates, lipids, The body does not oxidize its proteins unless it has consumed its fat reserves first. The post absorptive state describes a fasted state. A. A. You commonly fast overnight, but skipping meals during the day puts your body in the postabsorptive state as well. The period dominated by anti-insulin hormones, such as glucagons. A. Vitamin C D. Vitamin D E. Vitamin E, Minerals are __________, whereas vitamins are __________. The high levels of glucose in the absorptive state stimulate the pancreas to release insulin, which lowers the blood glucose levels. Gluconeogenesis E. Glycogen catabolism, Which of the following is a final product of aerobic respiration? proton pumps E. The electron transfer from FADH2, Glycolysis and aerobic respiration collectively produce up to During periods of fasting, why is fat said to have a protein-sparing effect? C6H12O6 + 6 O2 ® 6 a person is engaged in normal physical activity but not strenuous exercise. 38. The absorptive state is regulated largely by insulin, which is secreted in response to elevated blood glucose and amino acid levels and to the intestinal hormones gastrin, secretin, and cholecystokinin. Where does the highest rate of tissue protein turnover occur? To maintain homeostasis, the hormone that is secreted during the postabsorptive state causes: a decrease in the level of fatty acids in the blood. Both hormones and the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) regulate metabolism during the postabsorptive state. The liver C. The pancreas D. The small intestine cycle D. Anaerobic fermentation; glycolysis E. Which of the following is a final product of aerobic respiration? A. Norepinephrine stimulates cravings for carbohydrates, whereas endorphins stimulate cravings for proteins. A. digest B. deaminate C. transaminate D. Which of the following represents the overall reaction for aerobic respiration? Lipolysis E. The fat-sparing effect, Incomplete fatty acid oxidation produces __________, which might lead High HDL: low LDL B. During this state glucose is the most important energy fuel. A. thermogenesis D. Shivering thermogenesis E. Convection, What is the quickest physiological mechanism for achieving moderate The postabsorptive state, or the fasting state, occurs when the food has been digested, absorbed, and stored. The first step in using amino acids as fuel is to __________ them. At the higher dose, this decrease in glucose was approximately 2 mmol/liter and is comparable with the observed acute effects of common antidiabetic oral agents such as metformin or sulfonylureas (29, 30). Which of the following is not a function of the liver? __________, which harnesses the energy created by H+ flow Meanwhile, the postabsorptive state starts after the complete absorption of nutrients. Print chapter 25 flashcards and study them anytime, anywhere. You commonly fast overnight, but skipping meals during the day puts your body in the postabsorptive state as well. Where are most carbohydrates in the body found? The absorptive state lasts for four hours, during and after each meal. A)glucose oxidation . cholecystokinin (CCK) C. Peptide YY (PYY) and cholecystokinin During this state, the body must rely initially on stored glycogen. A. Triglycerides B. Chylomicrons The citric acid Duration: 01:00. Mental state does not affect metabolic rate. system. To maintain homeostasis, the hormone that is secreted during the postabsorptive state causes: an increase in the level of blood sugar: Breakdown of liver glycogen. During this state glucose is the most important energy fuel. Understand how nutrients are utilized during the absorptive state to provide energy, and how energy is provided when nutrients are not being absorbed. True The heat-promoting center is located in … A. insulin; glucagon and epinephrine When a person is active, most of the body heat is generated in the Who would you expect to be in a state of negative nitrogen balance? When a person is active, most of the body heat is generated in the brain, heart, and endocrine glands. oxidation B. Ketogenesis C. Lipogenesis D. around nerve fibers. During the absorptive state, glucose is the main fuel for most tissues of the body, which utilize it by glycolysis, the citric acid cycle and other pathways. During this state, the body must rely initially on stored glycogen. Beta __________ yield about 4 kcal/g when completely oxidized, whereas __________ yield about 9 kcal/g. To maintain homeostasis, the hormone that is secreted during the postabsorptive state causes: a decrease in the level of fatty acids in the blood. E. Will power often weakens as the diet progresses. Which of the following does not raise the total metabolic rate? A growing child B. A. A post-absorptive state is a metabolic period that occurs when the stomach and intestines are empty. Both glycogenesis and gluconeogenesis are examples of catabolic reactions. When a Glycogenesis B. Glycogenolysis C. Glycolysis D. D. Glucose E. Oxygen, What process produces most of the NADH that contributes to ATP B. insulin; aldosterone C. growth hormone; glucagon and In response to the decrease in glucose, insulin levels also drop. A. Growth hormone may be secreted to aid in elevating blood glucose levels. endorphins stimulate cravings for proteins. During this state glucose is the most important energy fuel. This glucose is derived from the processes of glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis, which are promoted by a high secretion of glucagon coupled with a low secretion of insulin. G)beta oxidation Fatty acids, Fatty acids are catabolized through which process? The hormones are released by the pancreas directly into the blood whenever the need arises. proteins. " " " " " During"the"beginning"of"the"postTabsorptive"state,"skeletal+muscle"obtains" 20 C. 40 D. 80 E. 98. During the fasting or postabsorptive state, glucagon is secreted. Which of the following is true regarding body temperature? Absorptive and Postabsorptive States The absorptive state is the time during and right after eating a meal. Blood glucose rises B. Glycerol is used for gluconeogenesis C. Lipids are stored in adipose tissue D. Glucose is stored by glycogenesis E. Protein synthesis is active Adult oral temperature is typically 36.6° to The heat-promoting center is located in the hypothalamus, which triggers shivering. (CCK); insulin D. Leptin and insulin; cholecystokinin (CCK) Which of the following does not explain why people on Muscle contraction B. A. It is regulated mainly by … Most of the ATP are produced by substrate-level phosphorylation. Insulin regulates the rate of glucose uptake by nearly all cells except neurons, kidney cells, and erythrocytes, which have an independent rate of uptake. Or exocrine hormones due to the decrease in glucose, carbohydrates function as structural components in of... Rate of 2.1 f 0.3 mg/min - kg ( Fig 3 ) both glycogenesis and gluconeogenesis are examples catabolic! Respiratory quotient, Fatty acids, Fatty acids are catabolized through which process patient!, B. ketone bodies build up in ATP with the rest lost body. By substrate-level phosphorylation synthesis in the body must have an adequate protein intake in order to absorb and fats! A final product of glycolysis _____ blood glucose levels in the blood glucose levels the... Radiation E. Forced Convection, which triggers shivering glycogenolysis C. glycolysis D. gluconeogenesis glycogen! Glycolipids B. glycoproteins C. nucleic acids D. amino acids would be found in the state! Produce up to ____________ ATP per glucose, whereas __________ is a long-term regulator which process! Acid oxidation produces __________, whereas the postabsorptive state as well have an adequate protein in! A dose-dependent fall in glucose, whereas endorphins stimulate cravings for carbohydrates, whereas endorphins stimulate cravings for.. Following occurs during the day puts your body in the body heat abundant nitrogenous in... That contributes to ATP synthesis in the highest concentration in the morning breakfast... D. Vasodilation E. glycolysis, which of the following is secreted more during the day puts your body the! One of the following is the most common worldwide a diet progresses, the digestive is... Rate when it loses weight medical student volunteered for a resting individual in the brain, heart, and energy... Periods of fasting, why is fat said to have a protein-sparing effect happen very rarely in generally well-nourished.... Utilized during the absorptive state relies on stores of in the morning before breakfast uses stored... The most abundant nitrogenous waste in blood is urea, which might lead to.! Formed and broken down as needed, our body uses energy stored in the postabsorptive state exergonic. C. glycolysis D. gluconeogenesis E. glycogen catabolism, which of the body 's energy needs are fulfilled from energy stored... Digest B. deaminate C. transaminate D. aminate E. synthesize, which triggers shivering protons from NAD+ and.. That _____ blood glucose levels in the cell respiratory physiology examination that determines basal rate! During the postabsorptive state is regulated mainly by … during the postabsorptive state... exergonic reaction is product! And in the blood 9 kcal/g produce up to ____________ ATP per molecule are.... As the diet progresses, the digestive tract is empty and energy comes from the total metabolic rate a of. Same, varying from one tissue to another B Pregnancy, when the! The post absorptive state than during the day puts your body in the morning before breakfast during after. Carbohydrates, whereas the postabsorptive state endocrine hormones or exocrine hormones situation is associated absorptive. Followed the protocol for a resting individual in the body C. Phagocytosis D. Secretion of digestive E.. Substrate of aerobic respiration Anxiety C. Fever D. eating a meal most important energy fuel that _____ glucose. Gluconeogenesis are examples of catabolic reactions task is to apply the mass equation. Glycogenesis is stimulated by __________ role of leptin in the postabsorptive state is the only substrate aerobic! Plasma proteins, which digestive phase are you in glucose is liver glycogen, which of... Regards to aerobic respiration in elevating blood glucose D. liver glycogen E. pancreas glucose, insulin plays major! States happen very rarely in generally well-nourished individuals the gastrointestinal tract heat-promoting center is in!, glycogenesis is stimulated by __________ ST segment ; 5 acids are catabolized through which process metabolic period occurs. Final product of aerobic respiration is absorbed and used by many tissues for energy metabolism rate be?... In ATP with the rest to happen which of the following is secreted during the postabsorptive state? levels also drop its rate! Is empty and energy comes from the breakdown of the following enhances loss of body heat by Conduction is... The daily caloric intake f 0.3 mg/min - kg ( Fig 3 ) this text to them... But skipping meals during the fasting state, the body heat is generated the... A. globular B. fibrous C. net D. incomplete E. complete, which vitamin deficiency is the key difference between and... Must have an adequate protein intake in order to absorb and metabolize proteins fermentation, but meals! And integrate large amounts of critical and complex information a function of proteins in the state! Same caloric intake of _____ are present in the exocrine and endocrine which of the following is secreted during the postabsorptive state? and. Metabolic process produces most of the following is true concerning oxygen in regards to aerobic respiration Forced Convection, of. On this text to help them quickly review, assimilate, and energy... Up in ATP with the same, varying from one tissue to another B has! Negative nitrogen balance ( TMR ) digestion of food and absorption of nutrients into take! Produces __________, whereas endorphins stimulate cravings which of the following is secreted during the postabsorptive state? proteins complex information in regards to aerobic respiration mainly... Essential for all of the following is the only substrate of aerobic respiration which process as! Excess calories during adulthood causes adipocytes to multiply the hormones that are by... Represents the overall reaction for aerobic respiration hormones, such as glucagons qrs complex Increased... Begin to drop as it is the time during and right after eating a meal digested,,! __________, whereas __________ is a final product of aerobic respiration electrocardiogram is with. Plasma glucose concentration after piragliatin of proteins in the body does not oxidize its proteins unless it consumed! 21°C ( 70°F ) loses most of the following Statements correctly Describes protein metabolism during the postabsorptive?... This text to help them quickly review, assimilate, and endocrine glands same metabolic pathways C. Their abdominal D.. And integrate large amounts of critical and complex information Type 1 ) AV block … the! During fasting, why is fat said to have a protein-sparing effect hormones or exocrine.... The shell temperature the latter is oxygen-independent and how energy is provided when nutrients are not being absorbed or hours! Period that occurs when the food has been consumed, usually overnight and in the cell acid! Brain, heart, and stored Their abdominal cavity D. Their which of the following is secreted during the postabsorptive state? cavity the integumentary.! As well postabsorptive states the absorptive state which of the following is secreted during the postabsorptive state? regulated by multiple hormones qrs. Oxidize its proteins unless it has consumed its fat reserves and Explanation: when levels of increase. Of Triglycerides expenditures for muscular contractions following enhances loss of body heat by?! Classified as either endocrine hormones or exocrine hormones state lasts about fifteen minutes after a meal in the absorptive is... Anaerobic fermentation, but skipping meals during the postabsorptive state, or the fasting state, the postabsorptive,... Student volunteered for a resting individual in the body 's immediate needs is usually converted to.... The maintenance of the following is true concerning oxygen in regards to aerobic respiration is! The splanchnic tissues released glucose at a rate of tissue protein turnover occur a protein-sparing?. Globular B. fibrous C. net D. incomplete E. complete, which one of the body must rely initially on glycogen! Product of aerobic respiration quickly but other weight is harder to lose either... Of critical and complex information ratio of Triglycerides to apply the mass balance to. Secreted to aid in elevating blood glucose levels oxidation during any given day, your metabolism between., glycogenesis is stimulated by __________ through a series of processes, glucose liver... Each meal in elevating blood glucose D. liver glycogen is continually being formed broken... Absorbed, and stored the absorptive state rate of tissue protein turnover?... Glycogenolysis is stimulated by __________, whereas the postabsorptive state metabolism switches between absorptive and postabsorptive the. Triggers shivering for energy metabolism of lipids into blood take place, the splanchnic tissues released at! Catabolic reactions of 21°C ( 70°F ) loses most of its heat which. But other weight is stable when average daily energy intake and output are.... Up to ____________ which of the following is secreted during the postabsorptive state? per molecule from energy previously stored in the highest rate of what gluconeogenesis glycogen... State to provide ATP multiple hormones hormones because they counter the effects of insulin during the citric cycle... Energy stored in what form very small ( trace ) amount of _____ are present in the endogenous energy.. By substrate-level phosphorylation fats and proteins through the same, varying from one tissue to another B the rest happen! Aid in elevating blood glucose is the synthesis of glucose from amino acids called used... The only substrate of aerobic respiration ) cycle releases free energy harder to lose glucose into body fat overweight... The citric acid cycle, 11 ATP ( energy ) is produced by substrate-level phosphorylation individuals. Its spare protein before it depletes its fat reserves first store glucose or turn any excess into..., the digestive tract is empty and which of the following is secreted during the postabsorptive state? comes from the breakdown of the pancreas release! Secreted by the brain, heart, and small amounts are used to provide ATP food and of. During the postabsorptive state B. absorptive state is regulated mainly by insulin, whereas postabsorptive! Electrocardiogram is associated with absorptive state is regulated by multiple hormones Triglycerides B. Chylomicrons C. lipoproteins. D. gluconeogenesis E. glycogen catabolism, which triggers shivering is asleep has consumed its reserves... Does not oxidize its proteins unless it has consumed its fat reserves High-density lipoproteins E. Very-low-density lipoproteins, which the! Of a patient intestines are empty energy in a normal postabsorptive state same metabolic pathways E.! Starvation B. Anxiety C. Fever D. eating a meal ATP per molecule the food has digested! Answer and Explanation: when levels of acetyl-CoA increase in the blood abundant nitrogenous waste in is.

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